The Truth About the Holocaust and Holocaust EducationNews at Home
tags: Holocaust, Jewish history, racism, education
Ira Bedzow, Ph.D., is the director of the Biomedical Ethics and Humanities Program at New York Medical College and senior scholar at the Aspen Center for Social Values, and Stacy Gallin, D.M.H., is the director of the Center for Human Dignity in Bioethics, Health and the Holocaust at Misericordia University. Misericordia University in Dallas, Pa., is the oldest four-year institution of higher education in Luzerne County. Misericordia University ranks in the top tier of the Best Regional Universities – North category of U.S. News and World Report’s 2019 edition of Best Colleges. The Princeton Review recognizes MU as a 2019 Best Northeastern College and Money Magazine includes Misericordia in its 2018-19 “Best Colleges” list.
Principal William Latson of Spanish River Community High School in Palm Beach County, Florida was removed from his position and reassigned to a different position in the Palm Beach County school district after refusing to admit that the Holocaust was a “factual, historical event.”
It is not that he personally denied the Holocaust. Rather, in an email to a student’s parent, he relied on a faux professionalism and a dangerous sense of relativism, claiming that as a school district employee, he was not in a position to say that the Holocaust is a factual, historical event since not everyone believes the Holocaust happened.
While it is important to recognize the limits of one’s own expertise, and it is usually a good idea to avoid speaking as an authority on issues that are outside of the scope of one’s proficiency, Latson’s claim that he could not admit the Holocaust is a historical fact is not only unacceptable, it is irresponsible. One does not need to be a professional historian to know that the Holocaust occurred.
We know that it occurred.
We can visit Auschwitz and walk through the barracks of the concentration camps that now serve as memorials and house personal artifacts of the victims, such as clothing, shoes, prosthetic limbs, even human hair. We can stand in the gas chambers and see the ovens used to burn the bodies of those who were murdered. We can talk to survivors and witness the numbers tattooed on their arms.
Moreover, when educating students, it is vital to provide them with the skills to analyze data, verify which data are reliable, and arrive at justifiable conclusions; however, it does a disservice to students to make them question the veracity of obvious facts, simply because “not everyone believes in them.” Imagine if the principal questioned the importance of teaching “Introduction to Physics,” simply because not everyone believes that gravity exists.
Encouraging students to “see all sides” of a complicated issue where values can be prioritized in different ways with varying implications to teach them to arrive at a conclusion based on facts, their values, and the consequences is a sound lesson. Presenting truth and falsity as two equally valid options is quite another.
Underlying Latson’s refusal is a question of the importance of Holocaust education. Currently, 11 states, including Florida, the state where Mr. Lawson was principal, have laws requiring schools to provide Holocaust education. The most recent state to require it was Oregon in 2019, whose law stipulates that instruction be designed to “prepare students to confront the immorality of the Holocaust, genocide, and other acts of mass violence and to reflect on the causes of related historical events.” Yet the importance of Holocaust education is not simply out of awareness of a historical fact. Holocaust education can provide a unique lens to evaluate many contemporary social, political and professional issues that challenge us today.
While it is typically conceived of as a devastating moment in Jewish history, the Holocaust has much broader lessons to teach. The Holocaust is the only example of medically sanctioned genocide in history. It is the only time where medicine, science and politics merged to endorse the labeling, persecution, and eventual mass murder of millions of people deemed “unfit” in the quest to create a more perfect society. Individuals were stripped of their dignity and viewed solely as a risk to the public health of the nation. Their value was determined by their usefulness – or danger – to society.
Today’s political and social landscape is one where the voices of nationalism and populism have become louder and louder. While the ethos of liberal democracy and multiculturalism still provides a strong foundation for peaceful civil societies and international law, its influence on shaping the future of domestic and international politics is waning. One can see the deleterious effects of hardening ideologies and prejudice, not only along the margins of society, but even within those sectors of society that have traditionally been seen as its stalwarts.
By showing that the tragedy of the Holocaust is not only a tragedy in Jewish history but a lesson for everyone, Holocaust education can serve to foster civics and ethics education. The Holocaust can functionas a historical example for understanding the danger of placing societal progress and political expediency ahead of individuals. Holocaust education is an opportunity to teach the next generation about the essential connection between the past and the future, to give them the tools they need to learn about moral decision making and to emphasize our responsibility to stand up and speak out when we see evil in any form.
How we teach the memory of the Holocaust is intricately tied to our vision for the future of our society. Let’s stop thinking that “Never Forget” is enough of a message. Let’s remember not only for the sake of remembering, but for the sake of developing our students to become people who respect each other.