Jim Loewen Jim Loewen blog brought to you by History News Network. Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 Zend_Feed_Writer 2.1.3 (http://framework.zend.com) http://historynewsnetwork.org/blog/author/11 editor@hnn.us (History News Network) History News Network I Don’t Like It, So It Must Be Art Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/153463 http://hnn.us/blog/153463 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0 The CIA Has a Museum? Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/153419 http://hnn.us/blog/153419 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0 Here's What's Wrong with the Nixon Library and Museum Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/153356 http://hnn.us/blog/153356 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0 Scalping Columbus Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/153349 http://hnn.us/blog/153349 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0 Revising the SAT To Make It Even Worse Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/153327 http://hnn.us/blog/153327 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0 History of Sundown Suburbs Threatens the Existence of Diverse Suburbs ]]> Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/153283 http://hnn.us/blog/153283 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0 The History of Composting in America ]]> Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/153202 http://hnn.us/blog/153202 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0 "'Confronting' Mitch Daniels at Purdue"
]]>
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/153195 http://hnn.us/blog/153195 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0
Race Relations in Black and White, Color, and Digital ]]> Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/153186 http://hnn.us/blog/153186 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0 George Zimmerman, Harmony Stair, and the Elephant in the Room
Credit: Wiki Commons.

After the Florida jury found George Zimmerman not guilty of second-degree murder or manslaughter for killing Trayvon Martin, everyone had an opinion about the verdict. Many people sought my opinion, including a major radio station in Jamaica and Al Jazeera. I knew that my own knowledge about the killing was no more than that of most of my listeners or readers. Hence I could not add to their knowledge base. I could only give them my opinion about the matter. So it would be about me and my opinion. What's the point of that?

I had expected the jury to find Zimmerman guilty of involuntary manslaughter. In my mind, I had compared his action to the fairly notorious 2011 case of Harmony Stair, a 33-year-old woman from Blacksburg, Virginia who was 7½ months pregnant. Stair had been making jello shots for a party and sampled her product. (Jello shots are small servings of jello made with vodka or grain alcohol.) She then drove drunk, causing a crash that fatally injured her fetus. Like Zimmerman, she was charged with manslaughter for his (her child's) death. Unlike Zimmerman, she was not charged with second-degree murder.

]]>
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/152889 http://hnn.us/blog/152889 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0
Wabash Cannonball "Wabash Cannonball" is a light-hearted yet serious country-music song. It celebrates a train that went past my house at the southern edge of Decatur, Illinois, throughout my childhood. Maybe for that reason, my father bought Roy Acuff’s recording of it shortly after Columbia’s invention of the “LP” (long-playing record). I’ve heard this song since about 1950. I sang it myself – in public – in 2009. Now, I cannot get it out of my head.

Remembering Mark Twain’s famous short story "Punch, Brothers, Punch!", about the man who could not get a catchy jingle out of his head until he infected another person with it, in desperation, I turn to you. In the process of my passing the "Wabash Cannonball" on to you, we might enjoy a little railroad history together, perhaps a sort of baseball story, and even a bit of economic history from the 1890s.

Like several other railroads, the Wabash connected Chicago to St. Louis. It also went to Detroit and Kansas City. Perhaps its #2 claim to fame (after the song) was that its freight trains went fast, often averaging 55 and even 60 MPH. On many other railroads, then and now, freight trains trundle(d) along at 40 or even 20 MPH.

]]>
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/152354 http://hnn.us/blog/152354 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0
The Nature (or is it Nurture) of Color Years ago, when I was teaching sociology at the University of Vermont, a colleague introduced me to a classroom exercise that he found useful for showing students gender differences. Eventually I wrote it up and Teaching Sociology published it.

The exercise had two parts. The first, labeled "Colors," listed eight colors -- not the easy ones like red, white, and blue, but puce, taupe, teal, mauve, magenta, chartreuse, ochre, and sienna. Students were to match each with one of ten definitions, such as "brilliant yellow" or "brownish gray."

The second half listed eight "Football terms": safety, screen, curl, trap, touchback, lateral, touchdown, and clip. Again we supplied ten definitions, such as "to block out a defensive player from the side after he has crossed the line of scrimmage."

]]>
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/151776 http://hnn.us/blog/151776 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0
New Opposition to Old Sports Mascots On February 7, 2013, the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) hosted a day-long seminar, "Racist Stereotypes in American Sports." The handout they used to promote the show paired two graphic images:  a stereotypical black doll on a base saying "Not. Cool." paired with the stereotypical Cleveland Indian mascot on a base saying "Go Tribe!" It made a stunning impact. So did the symposium, getting considerable attention from the Washington Post, including the entire front page of its free "Express" edition the next morning.

]]>
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/151462 http://hnn.us/blog/151462 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0
At War With Art “The Civil War and American Art,” the current exhibition at the Smithsonian American Art Museum in Washington, marks the sesquicentennial of the Civil War. After it closes in late April, the show will travel to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York for most of the rest of 2013. To complement the show, the Smithsonian has published, in conjunction with Yale University Press, a beautiful companion volume that includes many images not on display in the galleries and several chapters of commentary. The exhibit and book are an occasion not only to showcase some fascinating art, but also to clear up the misconceptions that many Americans still hold about the period. Unfortunately, both squander that opportunity.

]]>
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/151326 http://hnn.us/blog/151326 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0
Mitch Daniels: Friend or Foe to Academic Freedom? On January 18, 2013, Michael Gerson, formerly George W. Bush’s speechwriter, wrote an op-ed bemoaning Mitch Daniels’s retirement from politics. He called Daniels “arguably the most ambitious, effective conservative governor in America” and was proud that Daniels had decreased state government by 6,800 jobs, ended mandatory union dues, and privatized a toll road. “Daniels is just the sort of leader most needed in a Republican revival,” Gerson proclaimed. He concluded, in sorrow, “The best Democratic politician in America is about to take his oath as president of the United States. The best Republican politician will soon be president of Purdue.”  From personal experience, here’s another side to Mitch Daniels.

]]>
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/150218 http://hnn.us/blog/150218 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0
"The Other Civil War": Howard Zinn, Abraham Lincoln, Lerone Bennett, Stephen Spielberg, and Me Two years ago Michael Signorelli, an editor at Harper/Collins, asked me to write an introduction to a little book that Harper/Collins was spinning off from Howard Zinn's A People's History of the United States. It would include chapters 9, on the Civil War and Reconstruction, and 10, "The Other Civil War," about the class warfare of the late nineteenth century. A marketing ploy to tie in with the sesquicentennial, it would carry "The Other Civil War" as its title. I had just written the introductions to the documents in The Confederate and Neo-Confederate Reader, so I had been thinking about the issues Zinn addresses. Besides, my name alone would convince some bookstore browsers to buy the little volume, Signorelli said.

No stranger to marketing ploys and always susceptible to flattery, I agreed to write the introduction. I warned Signorelli, however, that I was not a Zinn partisan; my introduction would probably include some negatives as well as positives. The editor assured me that would pose no problem. I set to work.

]]>
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/149929 http://hnn.us/blog/149929 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0
Reviewlets Yesterday I went through my enormous "books to read" pile and realized that more than half of them I did not choose. Publishers send copies hoping I will blurb them. Authors send copies hoping I will recommend them when I speak to large conventions of teachers. I keep them because their topics interest me, or should, and I intend to read them tomorrow.

Of course, tomorrow never comes, at least not to my book pile. Time does march on, however, and soon it's too late to blurb them anyway.

How do "real" blurbers and reviewers keep up? Well, some cheat. They blurb books they have not read, not even skimmed, only looked at. Or, as we used to say in grad school, discussing a source glibly, "I haven't read it personally, but ...," and we proceeded to invoke or dismiss it, hopefully to good effect. (This is called "socialization into the profession.")

I cannot bring myself to blurb a book I haven't read, so I hardly ever blurb anything. But my heart is in the right place. I try to read what authors and publishers send me. I just fall behind.

]]>
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/149668 http://hnn.us/blog/149668 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0
Morons in Africa In 1994, with Richard Herrnstein, Charles Murray brought out The Bell Curve, subtitled "Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life." It sold well and soon came out in paperback with Simon & Schuster. Indeed, the acquisitions editor at S&S who bought The Bell Curve next bought my bestseller, Lies My Teacher Told Me. I know this because she bragged to me about having done so. She wanted me to infer that she was a big-league acquisitions editor, worthy of my book, since she had acquired Murray's book. I had already bought The Bell Curve in hardbound and was teaching a course that considered it at length; her acquisition did not excite me as much as she'd hoped.

The Bell Curve makes an astonishing claim about the 700,000,000 people in Africa (its approximate population when the book came out -- now nearing 900,000,000). Herrnstein and Murray (hereafter "Murray") cite studies, particularly by Richard Lynn, showing "the median black African IQ to be 75, approximately 1.7 standard deviations below the U.S. overall population average, about 10 points lower than the current figure for American blacks." (Bell Curve, 289)

]]>
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/149137 http://hnn.us/blog/149137 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0
High Speed Amtrak: Part II A year ago, I wrote about Amtrak's efforts to achieve high-speed rail, or at least what is now coming to be known as higher-speed rail. Higher-speed rail does not mean trains that go faster than bullet trains in Japan (185-mph), high-speed trains in France (180-mph), or even Acela Express in our Northeast Corridor (150-mph). Higher-speed rail merely refers to trains that go faster than they used to. This is an update.

On October 19, 2012, according to a release by the National Association of Rail Passengers (NARP), "federal, state, and local leaders gathered ... in Illinois to celebrate the start of 110-mph rail service along the Chicago to St. Louis rail corridor."

A train averaging 110-mph over the 274 miles from Chicago to St. Louis would take 2½ hours. Flying takes just an hour, but that does not include the hour travelers must add for screening and flight check-in. As well, Amtrak travels city center to city center. For the business traveler or the tourist, Chicago offers much more within a few blocks of Union Station than Elk Grove Village does within a few blocks of O'Hare. So the higher-speed rail trip might generate considerable ridership. At present, "Lincoln Service" trundles along at 51 miles per hour, requiring 5 hours and 25 minutes for the journey.

]]>
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/148991 http://hnn.us/blog/148991 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0
Registering to Vote, Then and Now During the summer of 1965, while a graduate student, I ran the "Social Science Lab" at Tougaloo College in Madison County near Jackson, Mississippi. "Ze Lab" was the creation of Dr. Ernst Borinski, a refugee from Hitler's Germany who taught at Tougaloo from 1947 until his death in 1983. Borinski was a remarkable man -- an inspirational professor who used his status as outsider to cross boundaries between white and black Mississippi on behalf of social change. He is one of the main subjects of the book, movie, and now museum exhibit, From Swastika to Jim Crow.

]]>
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:32:16 +0000 http://hnn.us/blog/148390 http://hnn.us/blog/148390 Jim Loewen Jim Loewen 0