World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument is Established by

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On December 5, just two days before the anniversary of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, President Bush used powers granted by the Antiquities Act to designate the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument. The new Monument incorporates a diverse array of nine sites across three States, including five sites in Hawaii related to the battle of Pearl Harbor, three sites in Alaska related to battles in the Aleutian Islands, and one site in California related to the exclusion and internment of ethnic Japanese.

The five sites in Hawaii incorporated into the new Monument are all at Pearl Harbor, the main focus of the December 7, 1941, Japanese bombing raid that plunged America into World War II. The USS Arizona Memorial and visitor center are included, together with the USS Oklahoma Memorial, the USS Utah Memorial, six Chief Petty Office bungalows in Ford Island, and three mooring quays that once constituted part of Battleship Row in Pearl Harbor.

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