Russia: More Babies, Less Oil

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Russia is reversing its population decline, which began before the Cold War ended, and accelerated after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Births were up 14 percent last year (to 1.6 million), over 2006. At its worst, a few years ago, the Russian population was declining 750,000 a year. A growing economy, more health consciousness and more pro-family laws have all contributed to this. Still, it will be another decade or two before the decline will halt. By then, the Russian population will be under 140 million. It went down 200,000 last year, to 142 million. At this rate, it would be under 100 million by 2050. That, however, is being reversed.

Russia will not go to war if Georgia or Ukraine join NATO, but will be unhappy with such a move. This could lead to more troops on the borders. Russia doesn't get it, that neighbors want to join NATO for protection from Russia. Historically, being a neighbor of Russia has not been a good thing.

Russian oil production is declining, after peaking at 9.86 million barrels a day. This came about because, during the re-nationalization of the oil industry over the last decade, there was a sharp drop in money spent on oil exploration. Foreign banks were reluctant to invest the enormous amounts of money needed (about a trillion dollars) when Russia was so blatantly violating property rights. Russia will either have to fund the exploration itself (which will mean less money for other economic expansion projects) or allow foreign investors more control of their Russian investments.

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