Leon Litwack: Students adore retiring historiaHistorians in the News
Such shows of appreciation for the University of California, Berkeley, social historian and iconoclast are reaching a fever pitch in the final countdown to Litwack's retirement at the semester's end. In his half century of teaching more than 30,000 students about America's checkered racial history, the Pulitzer-Prize winning author has won fans of all ages and persuasions.
But the applause today was particularly poignant. Surprising Litwack and his several hundred students in Wheeler Auditorium, a group of student leaders on campus interrupted the class to announce that the 77-year-old history professor had won the 2007 Golden Apple Award for Outstanding Teaching. The annual award is given to a faculty member by a committee of UC Berkeley students.
"These are the awards that really matter," Litwack said, beaming as he was presented with a basket of Golden Delicious and Fuji apples. "My students have been wonderful and that's what makes teaching exciting."
But Litwack was not about to draw out his tribute. He had a lecture to get on with, and the Golden Apple announcement, though more than welcome, was holding up his multimedia presentation on America in the 1930s.
This is very meaningful," Litwack said, gratefully, then signaled for the movie to start rolling.
The student-driven honor comes with $2,500 in prize money, plus confirmation that students dig the winner's thought-provoking teaching style.
"He's cool," said freshman Kaeley Loskutoff today as she waited for Litwack's lesson to begin. "I feel lucky to be taking his last class."
Litwack was chosen from 54 student-nominated faculty members by the all-student Golden Apple Award Committee. The panel narrowed the pool down to five finalists, picking the winner based on lecturing, approachability and a passion for teaching.
Students who voted for Litwack find his themes and oratory style riveting.
"I can hardly find a moment to blink for fear I'll miss something interesting," wrote David Rosenberg, a sophomore, in his nomination of Litwack. "He is the only professor who receives a round of applause after every lecture."
As part of the honor, Litwack will deliver a special Golden Apple Lecture on Tuesday, April 17, at 6:30 p.m. at Wheeler Auditorium. The event is free for students and faculty. Tickets for the general public will cost $10. A week later (Tuesday, April 24), Litwack will give his final campus address, an autobiographical talk entitled "I'm Becoming a Historian." That campus location is yet to be announced.
Later in April, UC Berkeley will announce the recipients of its Distinguished Teaching Awards for 2007, the campus's highest honor for instruction.
This is the third Golden Apple award on campus. It is sponsored by the ASUC, the California Alumni Association, Cal Performances, Berkeley Hillel and the Cal Student Store. Last year's winner was senior neurobiology lecturer David Presti, and the 2005 winner was political science lecturer Darren Zook.
"It's the only (official) teaching award at UC Berkeley conferred exclusively by the students," said Sammy Averbach, an ASUC senator and chair of the Golden Apple Award Committee. "The award recognizes those professors who teach each lecture as if it were their last."
Born to poor Ukrainian immigrants in Santa Barbara in 1929, Litwack developed a fascination for African American history in high school. He went on to earn his bachelor's, master's and Ph.D. degrees from UC Berkeley, where he continued to focus on the consequences of slavery, including segregation.
After seven years teaching at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, Litwack returned to UC Berkeley to join its history department in 1964, and became active in civil rights and the Free Speech Movement.
He went on to win numerous awards, including the Pulitzer Prize in 1980 for his book, "Been in the Storm So Long: The Aftermath of Slavery" (Knopf, 1979). At the time that the prize was announced, he was in Moscow working as a Fulbright lecturer.
In a UC Berkeley commencement address he gave in 1981, he looked back on the activism of the 1960s and asked students to continue to challenge authority, particularly in light of Ronald Reagan's presidency.
"It is not the dedicated revolutionaries, it is not the rebels who endanger society, but rather the accepting, the unthinking, the unquestioning, the docile, the obedient, the indifferent," he said.
In the 1990s, Litwack was a vocal opponent of the ban on affirmative action in University of California admissions, arguing that diversity makes UC Berkeley a richer place for everyone on campus.
In 2001, he was chosen by UC Berkeley seniors to give the faculty address at Commencement Convocation, an event for all graduates. His rousing message was not unlike the one he gave the graduating class of 1981.
"The receptivity to alien, untried ideas defines the greatness of a university. Those (who) are unthinking, unquestioning or indifferent are the biggest threat to our society," he said.
Despite his prestige and seniority, Litwack has insisted on teaching introductory history courses to challenge undergraduates to think critically and come up with their own analysis of the past.
"Teaching is more than imparting information. It is a process by which we seek to stir and challenge the intellect," wrote Michael Tsiang, a sophomore majoring in chemical engineering, quoting Litwack on his teaching philosophy, in his nomination.
Freshman Jared Mazzanti summed up Litwack's style more succinctly after today's Golden Apple Award announcement: "His passion is contagious," he said.
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