Anne Frank's Name Stands Out in Nazi Archive

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The lists run into the tens of thousands -- men, women and children tossed into the Nazi machinery of death from just one small country, Holland. Most are unknown, lost in the ashes of the Holocaust.

But buried in List No. 40 in a frayed ledger in the world's largest storehouse of documents on Holocaust victims, the name Anne Frank is quickly recognizable.

Today, her diary has made her world famous, but on a day in September 1944 she was just another name -- a terrified teenager herded into a train of cattle cars with 1,018 other Jews, headed east to the concentration camps.

After World War II, the Dutch Red Cross collected the deportation lists from the Westerbork transit camp and sent the names to the International Tracing Service, or ITS, the repository of Nazi papers set up to help trace missing people in the postwar chaos.

More than six decades after the war ended, the International Committee of the Red Cross is due to open the vast ITS archive to survivors, their relatives and to Holocaust researchers for the first time.

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