U. of Chicago team finds proof of ancient 'shock and awe'
The invaders showered the city with hundreds of small clay missiles, knocked down fortification walls, burned buildings and perhaps took inhabitants captive.
This clearly was no minor skirmish," said Clemens Reichel of the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute. "This was 'shock and awe' in the fourth millennium B.C."
Reichel and Salam Al Kuntar, of Syria's Antiquities Department and Cambridge University, directed a team that excavated the site in the present day town of Hamoukar. It's one of the most revealing discoveries yet of early urban warfare.
There's no record of a battle, since writing hadn't been invented yet. In such cases, it's often difficult to determine whether destruction was the result of warfare or of other calamities such as accidental fires.
"But in our case, it was unambiguous," Reichel said. "There's very clear evidence of violent destruction."
comments powered by Disqus
- Hull of Confederate Submarine H.L. Hunley Found 150 Years Later
- U.S. Textbook Skews History, Prime Minister of Japan Says
- Recalling a Film From the Liberation of the Camps
- Skull Fossil Offers New Clues on Human Journey From Africa
- Are crude conspiracies right? Research shows nations really do go to war over oil
- Ronald Suny says historians have shied away from exploring the roots of the Armenian genocide for fear of taking attention away from the victims
- Columbia University professors Eric Foner, Alan Brinkley, and Alice Kessler-Harris to retire
- A powerhouse appropriations subcommittee is now headed by a historian: Republican Rep. Tom Cole (OK)
- Slavic scholars divided over a scholarship sponsored (and withdrawn) by Stephen F. Cohen
- Claire Strom to Step Down as Editor of Agricultural History