Fossil raises puzzling questions about how upright body plan of great apes evolvedBreaking News
tags: archaeology, fossil, Sivapithecus
For decades, scientists have recognized the upright posture exhibited by chimpanzees, gorillas, and humans as a key feature separating the “great apes” from other primates, but a host of questions about the evolution of that posture — particularly how and when it emerged — have long gone unanswered.
For more than a century, the belief was that the posture, known as the orthograde body plan, evolved only once, as part of a suite of features, including broad torsos and mobile forelimbs, in an early ancestor of modern apes.
But a fossilized hipbone of an ape called Sivapithecus is challenging that belief.
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