Colonialism and the 'scramble for Africa'

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The wave of Independence across Africa in the 1950s and 1960s brought to the end around 75 years of colonial rule by Britain, France, Belgium, Spain, Portugal and -- until World War I -- Germany.

Before 1880, Europeans had only made small incursions into Africa, with forts and trading posts mainly around the coast, according to Richard Dowden, director of the Royal African Society in Britain.

In 1884-5, the Berlin Conference was called to carve up Africa between Britain, France, Belgium, Spain, Portugal and Germany.

After WWI, Germany's colonies were divided between Britain and France to administer on behalf of the League of Nations.

The end of colonialism came about after India's independence from Britain....

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