Keisha Blain's New Project Looks to Black Women Activists as Architects of Modern Human Rights CampaignsHistorians in the News
tags: civil rights, African American history, human rights, womens history
The United States has a tumultuous and tempestuous history when it comes to human rights. Many of the gains made over the centuries were a direct result of the tireless work of activists from historically excluded groups, particularly Black women. In this extended Q&A from The Fifth Draft — the National Fellows Program newsletter — New America National Fellow Keisha N. Blain previews her new book, which details the history of human rights in the United States, demonstrating how Black women shaped and impacted the human rights framework we know today. Sign up for The Fifth Draft to hear how the world's best storytellers find ideas that change the world.
Your Fellows project will be a new history of human rights framed by the ideas and activism of Black women in the United States from 1865 to the present. What inspired you to take on a project of such magnitude?
Over the last few years, I have spent a lot of time reflecting on the crucial role Black women play in shaping American politics and how their political work on a national scale also has global implications — and global reach. After writing an essay for Foreign Affairs in which I outlined some of the significant links between the Black Lives Matter (BLM) movement and earlier political movements, I kept coming back to the theme of Black women’s leadership. Some of the most dynamic and enduring political movements have been led by Black women, especially working-poor women organizing at the grassroots level. The more I kept writing about these women — from different backgrounds and in different time periods — it became evident that I had an important story to tell. My book will reveal how Black American women and activists fundamentally shaped human rights history.
The project includes extensive use of primary sources, many of which have yet to appear in scholarship. How has your project evolved as you uncovered new materials in the archives?
With such a sweeping project, I have tried to approach the research process with an open mind. I generally have a hunch about what I will find in the archives, but more often than not, I’ll encounter information that moves my project in new and exciting directions. For primary sources, in general, I approach them with a sense of curiosity — I am eager to find out what they’ll reveal to me about Black women’s activism and the history of human rights. Because I approach my writing and research with a lot of flexibility, I am able to seamlessly work with (and through) surprises that may come up in the research process. The book project has grown in fascinating ways because of this approach. I now have chapters written that resemble my book proposal plans but are much stronger because I allowed the sources to guide me.
In a recent story for the Atlantic, you wrote about a young Black woman, Joetha Collier, who was murdered in 1971. What role do personal memories of these “forgotten” stories play in your work?
Personal memories and private recollections are crucial to my work. Black women are often excluded from traditional archives (the ones we generally find at libraries and universities), or when they do exist in these archives, representations are often skewed. As someone who is very committed to unearthing the histories of Black working-class and working-poor women, I have had to move beyond the traditional archive. To be clear, I still rely on archives to answer questions as they arise. But the judicious use of oral histories significantly enriches my writing and research. They have helped me fill in gaps of information, and they allow me to write narratives that would otherwise not be possible.