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Cherokee Freedmen



  • Considering the Full Life of Wilma Mankiller

    by Alaina E. Roberts

    Wilma Mankiller's career as an activist included a stint as the first female head of the Cherokee Nation, but she must also be remembered for the mass disenrollment of the descendants of Cherokee Freedmen from the tribe's rolls and their exclusion from a share of new income to the tribe. 



  • Cherokee Nation Policies after the Civil War Show that Reparations Work

    by Melinda C. Miller

    Black Freedmen and their families who were able to claim land under treaties made by the Cherokee Nation were much better able to acquire and retain land than African Americans elsewhere, suggesting that the failure of the Reconstruction-era government to advance a reparation policy was a missed opportunity to advance racial justice.