Blogs > HNN > July 23, 2007

Jul 22, 2007 6:00 pm


July 23, 2007



PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN 2008 WATCH:

  • Martin Kramer: Joins Giuliani Campaign - Sandstorm, the blog of Martin Kramer, 7-17-07
  • Carl Sferrazza Anthony: A historian of America's first ladies, believes that without anyone paying much attention, Bill Clinton has been playing such a role in public and providing insight into what his potential tenure as"First Gent" would be like. Anthony points out that, while the U.S. has yet to elect a woman president, other countries have had women presidents and prime ministers. But the men who have pioneered the first spouse role were not themselves former presidents. - AP, 7-20-07
BIGGEST STORIES:
HNN STATS THIS WEEK:
THIS WEEK IN HISTORY:This Week in History:

  • 07-23-1829 - William Burt patented a forerunner of the typewriter.
  • 07-23-1885 - Ulysses S. Grant, the 18th president of the United States, died at Mount McGregor, N.Y., at age 63.
  • 07-23-1914 - Austria and Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia after the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, precipitating World War I.
  • 07-23-1945 - Vichy government leader Marshal Henri Petain went on trial for treason.
  • 07-23-1952 - Revolution erupted in Egypt as the military took power in a bloodless coup. The following year the monarchy was abolished and, for the first time since the pharaohs, Egypt was again ruled by Egyptians.
  • 07-24-1847 - Brigham Young and the first members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormons) arrived at the Great Salt Lake.
  • 07-24-1862 - Martin Van Buren, the eighth president of the United States, died in Kinderhook, N.Y.
  • 07-24-1866 - Tennessee became the first Confederate state to be readmitted to the Union.
  • 07-24-1937 - Charges against five black men accused of raping two white women in the Scottsboro case were dropped.
  • 07-24-1974 - The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled that President Richard Nixon had to turn over White House tapes to the Watergate special prosecutor.
  • 07-25-1946 - The United States tested the first underwater atomic bomb at Bikini Atoll.
  • 07-25-1952 - Puerto Rico became a commonwealth of the United States.
  • 07-25-1978 - The world's first test-tube baby, Louise Joy Brown, was born in Lancashire, England.
  • 07-25-1984 - Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman to walk in space.
  • 07-26-1788 - New York became the 11th state in the United States.
  • 07-26-1847 - Liberia became Africa's first republic.
  • 07-26-1908 - The Office of the Chief Examiner, which in 1935 became the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), was created.
  • 07-26-1947 - President Harry S Truman signed the National Security Act, creating the Department of Defense, the National Security Council, the Central Intelligence Agency, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
  • 07-26-1952 - Argentina's first lady, Eva Peron, died in Buenos Aires at age 33.
  • 07-26-1952 - King Farouk I of Egypt abdicated after a coup led by Gamal Abdal Nasser.
  • 07-26-1953 - Fidel Castro was among a group of rebelling anti-Batistas who unsuccessfully attacked an army barracks.
  • 07-27-1861 - Union general George B. McClellan was put in command of the Army of the Potomac during the Civil War.
  • 07-27-1953 - An armistice was signed ending the Korean War.
  • 07-27-1974 - The House Judiciary Committee voted to impeach Richard Nixon for obstructing justice in the Watergate case.
  • 07-27-1995 - The Korean War Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Washington, DC.
  • 07-27-1996 - A pipe bomb exploded in an Atlanta park during the Olympic Games.
  • 07-28-1540 - King Henry VIII of England's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, was executed and Henry married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard.
  • 07-28-1750 - The great baroque composer Johann Sebastian Bach died.
  • 07-28-1794 - Robespierre, one of the leading figures of the French Revolution, was sent to the guillotine.
  • 07-28-1821 - Peru declared its independence from Spain.
  • 07-28-1868 - The 14th Amendment to the Constitution, which established the citizenship of African Americans and guaranteed due process of law, was ratified.
  • 07-28-1914 - Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, precipitating the start of World War I.
  • 07-28-1932 - Herbert Hoover ordered Douglas MacArthur to evict the Bonus Marchers from their camps.
  • 07-28-2002 - Nine Pennsylvania coal miners were rescued after 77 hours of being trapped in a mine shaft.
  • 07-29-1890 - Artist Vincent van Gogh died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound in Auvers, France.
  • 07-29-1958 - President Eisenhower signed the congressional act that created the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was authorized by Congress.
IN THE NEWS:
REVIEWED AND FIRST CHAPTERS:

  • Tim Weiner: Counter Intelligence LEGACY OF ASHES The History of the CIA - NYT, 7-22-07
  • Tim Weiner: LEGACY OF ASHES The History of the CIA, First Chapter - NYT, 7-22-07
  • David Wise on Tim Weiner: Covert Action Has the CIA ever been good at intelligence gathering? LEGACY OF ASHES The History of the CIA - WaPo, 7-22-07
  • Frederick Taylor: What Goes Up . . . How a notorious symbol divided a city and its residents THE BERLIN WALL A World Divided, 1961-1989 - WaPo, 7-22-07
  • Robert Dallek: How he handles Nixon in Nixon and Kissinger book - Michael Nelson in the Chronicle of Higher Education (CHE), 7-20-07
  • Tom Segev: Six-Day War, in Revisionist History, Was Provoked by Israelis - Bloomberg News, 7-19-07
  • Jeffrey Wasserstrom: New Essay Collection Takes a Nuanced Look at Modern China - Ascribe, 7-17-07
  • Eric Arnesen on Jack Beatty: Revising the revisionists Re-examining political and economic corruption during the Gilded Age Age of Betrayal: The Triumph of Money in America, 1865-1900 - Chicago Tribune, 7-14-07
OP-ED:
PROFILED:

  • Saul Friedlander: Holocaust historian seeks the whole story - LAT, 7-15-07
FEATURE:
INTERVIEWED:
QUOTED:

  • Robert Allen on"Bill would make site of WWII explosion into a national park":"Anyone who was close enough to see what happened didn't survive. It was the worst home-front tragedy of World War II." - AP, 7-20-07
  • Neville Kidd: Memorial a betrayal of Anzacs, says historian:"It is a travesty to the memory of nearly 2000 soldiers killed at Fromelles.... such a disgrace that the NSW Government is not prepared to add the name of our worst battle where so many Australians were slaughtered by a top German force.... Waves of soldiers mown down by machine-guns have been betrayed by bureaucrats who can't be bothered making a simple change to the memorial." - Sydney Morning Herald, 7-19-07
  • David Bercuson on"Homefront has more angst than usual":"I think they're out of step, generally speaking, when it comes to foreign-policy questions, out of step in the sense that they tend to be more cautious, they tend to come down more on the side of not using military forces. Part of it is that as a minority in this country that feels it has been burned in the past on major questions of national defence, it's not in its own interest to support a vigorous, proactive military policy." - National Post, Canada, 7-16-07
HONORED, AWARDED, AND APPOINTMENTS:
SPOTTED & SPEAKING EVENTS CALENDAR:
EXHIBITIONS:

  • Paul Hutton: Billy the Kid Still Rides in New Mexico - VOA, 7-14-07
ON TV:History Listings This Week:

  • C-Span2, Book TV : History Kim MacQuarrie:"The Last Days of the Incas", Sunday, July 23 @ 9:00pm C-Span2, BookTV
  • C-Span2, Book TV : After Words: Larry Berman, author of"Perfect Spy: The Incredible Double Life of Pham Xuan An - Time Magazine Reporter & Vietnamese Communist Agent" interviewed by Robert Kaiser, Sunday, July 23 @ 10:00pm C-Span2, BookTV
  • History Channel:"Rumrunners, Moonshiners and Bootleggers," Monday, July 23, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel:"Cities Of The Underworld :12 - Secret Pagan Underground," Monday, July 23, @ 8pm ET/PT
  • History Channel:"Cities Of The Underworld :13 - Underground Bootleggers" Monday, July 23, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel:"Special : Da Vinci & the Code He Lived By," Tuesday, July 24, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel:"Man, Moment, Machine :Galileo & the Sinful Spyglass," Tuesday, July 24, @ 4pm ET/PT
  • History Channel:"Return of the Pirates," Wednesday, July 25, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel:"Deep Sea Detectives :Secret Underwater Caves," Wednesday, July 25, @ 4pm ET/PT
  • History Channel:"History's Mysteries :Mysteries on the High Seas," Wednesday, July 25, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel:"Modern Marvels :Gold Mines," Wednesday, July 25, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel:"UFO Files :Texas' Roswell," Wednesday, July 25, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel:"Alaska: Dangerous Territory," Friday, July 27, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel:"Special :Rogue Waves," Friday, July 27, @ 4pm ET/PT
SELLING BIG (NYT):

  • Walter Isaacson: EINSTEIN HIS LIFE AND UNIVERSE #8 (14 weeks on list) - 7-29-07
  • Ronald Reagan. Edited by Douglas Brinkley: THE REAGAN DIARIES #12 (8 weeks on list) - 7-29-07

  • Tim Weiner: LEGACY OF ASHES #13 (1 week on list) - 7-29-07

  • Michael Beschloss: PRESIDENTIAL COURAGE, #21 - 7-29-07
FUTURE RELEASES:

  • Kathryn C. Statler: Replacing France: The Origins of American Intervention in Vietnam, (University Press of Kentucky) July 28, 2007
  • Richard B. Frank, MacArthur: A Biography, (Palgrave Macmillan), July 28, 2007
  • Woody Holton: Unruly Americans and the Origins of the Constitution, (Hill and Wang, August 7, 2007)
  • David Halberstam: Coldest Winter: America and the Korean War, (Hyperion, September 2007)
  • John Kelin, Praise From a Future Generation: The Assassination of John F. Kennedy and the First Generation Critics of the Warren Report, (Wings Press TX), September 28, 2007
  • Maureen Waller: Sovereign Ladies: The Six Reigning Queens of England, (St. Martin's Press, September 28, 2007)
  • Rick Atkinson: Day of Battle: The War in Sicily and Italy, 1943-1944, (Henry Holt & Company, Incorporated, October 2, 2007)
  • Benjamin J. Kaplan: Divided by Faith: Religious Conflict and the Practice of Toleration in Early Modern Europe, (Harvard University Press, October 15, 2007)
  • Richard Avedon, The Kennedys: Portrait of a Family, (HarperCollins Publishers), October 23, 2007
  • M. Stanton Evans: Blacklisted by History: The Real Story of Joseph McCarthy and His Fight against America's Enemies, (Crown Publishing Group, November 6, 2007)
DEPARTED:


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