Blogs > HNN > April 9, 2007

Apr 8, 2007 3:21 pm

April 9, 2007

THIS WEEK IN HISTORY:This Week in History:

  • 04-02-1513 - Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon landed in Florida.
  • 04-02-1792 - Congress authorized the first U.S. mint, in Philadelphia.
  • 04-02-1865 - Confederate president Jefferson Davis and most of his cabinet fled the Confederate capital of Richmond, Va.
  • 04-02-1870 - Victoria Claflin Woodhull announced her candidacy for president of the United States.
  • 04-02-1917 - President Woodrow Wilson asked Congress to declare war against Germany.
  • 04-02-1932 - Charles Lindbergh paid a $50,000 ransom for the return of his kidnapped son.
  • 04-02-1982 - Argentina seized the Falkland Islands from Britain
  • 04-02-2005 - Pope John Paul II died.
  • 04-03-1882 - Outlaw Jesse James was shot in the back by Bob Ford, one of his own gang members, reportedly for a $10,000 reward.
  • 04-03-1936 - Bruno Hauptmann was electrocuted for the kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby.
  • 04-03-1948 - President Truman signed the Marshall Plan, which would foster the recovery of war-torn Europe.
  • 04-04-1818 - Congress adopted a U.S. flag with one star for each state.
  • 04-04-1841 - President William Henry Harrison died from pneumonia, one month after his inauguration.
  • 04-04-1945 - The Ohrdruf death camp was liberated from Nazi occupation.
  • 04-04-1949 - The treaty establishing the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was signed.
  • 04-04-1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr., was assassinated.
  • 04-04-1973 - The ribbon was cut to open the World Trade Center in New York City.
  • 04-05-1614 - Pocahontas married John Rolfe.
  • 04-05-1792 - George Washington cast the first presidential veto.
  • 04-05-1887 - Anne Sullivan makes the breakthrough to Helen Keller by spelling"water" in the manual alphabet.
  • 04-05-1951 - Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were sentenced to death for giving away atomic secrets to the Russians.
  • 04-05-1955 - Winston Churchill resigned as prime minister of Britain.
  • 04-06-1862 - The Battle of Shiloh in the American Civil War began.
  • 04-06-1896 - First modern Olympic Games opened in Athens, Greece.
  • 04-06-1917 - U.S. declared war on Germany and entered World War I.
  • 04-06-1994 - The presidents of Rwanda and Burundi were killed in a plane crash.
  • 04-07-1862 - Gen. Ulysses S. Grant defeated the Confederates at the battle of Shiloh.
  • 04-07-1913 - 5,000 suffragists march to the Capitol in Washington, D.C. , seeking the vote for women.
  • 04-07-1927 - U.S. secretary of commerce Herbert Hoover’s Washington speech was seen and heard in New York in the first long-distance television transmission.
  • 04-07-1948 - The World Health Organization, a UN agency, was founded.
  • 04-07-1994 - Hutu extremists in Rwanda began massacring ethnic Tutsis and politically moderate Hutus. In 100 days of killing, an estimated 800,000 are murdered.
  • 04-08-1513 - Ponce de León claimed Florida for Spain.
  • 04-08-1913 - The 17th Amendment was ratified, requiring the direct election of U.S. senators by popular vote rather than by the state legislators.
  • 04-08-1935 - The Works Progress Administration (WPA) was approved by Congress to help alleviate joblessness during the Great Depression.
  • 04-08-1946 - The League of Nations assembled for the last time.
  • 04-09-1731 - Robert Jenkins's ear was cut off, sparking the War of Jenkins’s Ear between Spain and England.
  • 04-09-1865 - Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House.
  • 04-09-1942 - American and Philippine troops on Bataan were overwhelmed by Japanese forces during World War II. The"Bataan Death March" began soon after.
  • 04-09-1959 - NASA announced the selection of America’s first astronauts, including Alan Shepard and John Glenn.
  • 04-09-1963 - Winston Churchill became the first honorary U.S. citizen.
  • 04-09-1992 - Former Panamanian ruler Manuel Noriega was convicted of drug and racketeering charges.
  • 04-09-2003 - American Marines pulled down Saddam Hussein’s statue in Baghdad after U.S. commanders declared his rule ended.
  • 04-10-1790 - The U.S. patent system was formed.
  • 04-10-1866 - The American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) was chartered.
  • 04-10-1912 - Titanic set sail on its fateful voyage.
  • 04-10-1970 - Paul McCartney announced the official split of the Beatles.
  • 04-10-1974 - Israeli prime minister Golda Meir announced her resignation.
  • 04-10-1998 - The Northern Ireland"Good Friday Accord" was reached.
  • 04-11-1814 - Napoleon was exiled to the island of Elba.
  • 04-11-1899 - The treaty ending the Spanish-American War took effect.
  • 04-11-1945 - Allies liberated Buchenwald concentration camp.
  • 04-11-1951 - President Harry Truman fired General Douglas McArthur.
  • 04-11-1968 - President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the 1968 Civil Rights Act.
  • 04-11-1979 - Ugandan dictator Idi Amin was overthrown.
  • 04-11-1981 - President Ronald Reagan returned to the White House after he was shot in an assassination attempt.
  • 04-12-1861 - The Civil War began when Fort Sumter was attacked.
  • 04-12-1862 - James J. Andrews led the raiding party that stole the Confederate locomotive"The General," inspiring the 1926 Buster Keaton movie.
  • 04-12-1945 - President Franklin Roosevelt died.
  • 04-12-1961 - Soviet cosmonaut Yuri A. Gagarin became the first human in space and also the first human to orbit the earth in a spacecraft.
  • 04-12-1999 - Arkansas federal judge Susan Webber Wright found President Clinton in contempt of court for lying about his relationship with Monica Lewinsky.
  • 04-13-1598 - The Edict of Nantes gave religious tolerance to the Huguenots in France.
  • 04-13-1964 - Sidney Poitier became the first African American to win the Academy Award for best actor.
  • 04-13-1970 - Apollo 13 announced"Houston, we've got a problem," when an oxygen tank burst on the way to the Moon.
  • 04-13-1975 - Civil War began in Lebanon when gunmen killed 4 Christian Phalangists who retaliated by killing 27 Palestinians.
  • 04-14-1775 - Benjamin Rush was among those who founded the first American antislavery society.
  • 04-14-1828 - Noah Webster copyrighted the first edition of his dictionary.
  • 04-14-1860 - The first pony express rider reached his destination of San Francisco. He left St. Joseph, Mo., on April 3.
  • 04-14-1865 - Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth.
  • 04-14-1912 - Titanic hit the iceberg that would sink her the next morning.
  • 04-15-1861 - In response to the attack on Fort Sumter three days earlier, President Abraham Lincoln declared a state of insurrection and called out Union troops.
  • 04-15-1912 - Titanic sank off the coast of Newfoundland on its maiden voyage after it struck an iceberg.
  • 04-15-1920 - A paymaster and guard were murdered in Braintree, Mass. Sacco and Vanzetti were accused of the crime.
  • 04-15-1945 - Nazi concentration camp Bergen-Belsen was liberated by Canadian and British forces.

    • JEFFREY FELDMAN: Framing the Debate, First Chapter - NYT 4-8-07
    • JEFFREY FELDMAN: Magic Words Framing the Debate - NYT 4-8-07
    • Kevin Boyle on Elliot Jaspin: Ethnic Cleansing, American Style A reporter explores forgotten expulsions of blacks from their hometowns BURIED IN THE BITTER WATERS The Hidden History of Racial Cleansing in America WaPo, 4-8-07
    • Joseph J. Ellis on Hugh Brogan: Democracy's Prophet How a young 19th-century French aristocrat grasped America's character ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE A Life - WaPo, 4-1-07
    • James T. Campbell on Karolyn Smardz Frost, Mary Kay Ricks: Bound for Freedom Celebrating the courage and ingenuity of the Underground Railroad - WaPo, 4-1-07
    • Robert Dallek: New book says Kissinger kept Nixon in the dark on Yom Kippur War - Reuters, 4-2-07
    • Morton Smith: Did the late historian make-up a fake"secret gospel"? - Peter Steinfels in the NYT, 3-31-07

    • Frederick Kagan Says US is undermining the Mahdi militia:"Sure, those guys are going to get out of the line of fire. They'll wait and see what happens and then design a way to come back and attack the U.S. position with tactics more favorable to them.We have not been allowing (the al-Mahdi Army) to lay low. We have been picking off the leaders in their senior organization. We have established a joint security station. That means we are operating on their home turf and tripping their networks." - Fox News, 3-26-07
    • Bruce Cumings: U.S. historian says Korean unification unlikely while Kim Jong-il is in power - Yonhap News, South Korea, 3-27-07
    ON TV:History Listings This Week:

    • C-Span2, Book TV : Book TV presents James McPherson"This Mighty Scourge: Perspectives on the Civil War" at Sunday, April 8 at 7:00 pm and Monday, April 9 at 2:00 am C-Span2, BookTV
    • C-Span2, Book TV : Book TV presents William Marvel"Mr. Lincoln Goes to War" at Sunday, April 8 at 8:00 pm and Monday, April 9 at 3:00 am C-Span2, BookTV
    • C-Span2, Book TV : Book TV presents Presidential Biography Panel with David Greenberg,"Calvin Coolidge"; Ira Rutkow,"James Garfield"; and Sean Wilentz,"Andrew Jackson" at Sunday, April 8 at 10:25 pm C-Span2, BookTV
    • PBS: The American Experience:"Jonestown: The Life and Death of Peoples Temple" Monday, April 16, 2007 at 9pm ET - PBS
    • History Channel:"Jesus of Nazareth" Sunday, April 8, @ 11am-7pm ET/PT
    • History Channel:"Banned from The Bible Part 1 and 2" Sunday, April 8, @ 7pm ET/PT
    • History Channel:"Banned from The Bible II" Sunday, April 8, @ 9pm ET/PT
    • History Channel:"Breaking Vegas," Monday, April 9, @ 2pm ET/PT
    • History Channel:"Dead Reckoning :Tracings in Blood," Monday, April 9, @ 4pm ET/PT
    • History Channel:"Digging For The Truth :Lost Treasures of the Copper Scroll," Monday, April 9, @ 9pm ET/PT
    • History Channel:"Decoding The Past :Mayan Doomsday Prophecy," Monday, April 9, @ 10pm ET/PT
    • History Channel:"Street Gangs: A Secret History," Tuesday, April 10, @ 2pm ET/PT
    • History Channel:"The Big House :Attica Prison," Tuesday, April 10, @ 4pm ET/PT
    • History Channel:"Special :Meteors: Fire in the Sky," Tuesday, April 10, @ 8pm ET/PT
    • History Channel:"Civil War Terror," Wednesday, April 11, @ 2pm ET/PT
    • History Channel:"Investigating History :Billy the Kid," Wednesday, April 11, @ 4pm ET/PT
    • History Channel:"Inside the Volcano," Thursday, April 12, @ 2pm ET/PT
    • History Channel:"Modern Marvels :Walt Disney World," Friday, April 13, @ 2pm ET/PT
    • History Channel:"Dpgfights" Marathon, Saturday, April 14, @ 2-5pm ET/PT
    • History Channel:"Tora, Tora, Tora: The Real Story of Pearl Harbor," Saturday, April 14, @ 5pm ET/PT


    • U.S. Intellectual History blog: The editors of the weblog post news and information, short essays, book reviews and provocative conversation-starting questions, all in the area of U.S. intellectual history. -

    • "The White House Meets the Bulldozer:" A traveling exhibit from the White House Historical Association, on display through April 22 at the Greensboro Public Library gallery. The exhibit covers the Truman restoration. - Greensboro News Record, NC, 3-17-07

    • Taylor Branch: Book on Bill Clinton Emerges From 8 Years of Tapes - NYT, 3-21-07
    • Jonathan M. Elukin: Living Together, Living Apart: Rethinking Jewish- Christian Relations in the Middle Ages, (Princeton University Press), April 2007
    • Philip Morgan: The Fall of Mussolini: Italians and the War, 1940-1945, (Oxford University Press), April 2007
    • Richard Croker: The Boomer Century 1946-2046: How America's Most Influential Generation Changed Everything, (Springboard Press), April 2007
    • R. Emmett Tyrrell: The Clinton Crack-Up: The Boy President's Life After the White House, (Nelson Current), April 2007
    • Stephen F. Hayes: Cheney: A Revealing Portrait of America's Most Powerful Vice President, (HarperCollins Publishers), April 3, 2007
    • Michael Stephenson: Patriot Battles: How the War of Independence Was Fought (HarperCollins Publishers), April 3, 2007
    • Saul Friedlander: Years of Extermination: Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939-1945, Vol. 2, (HarperCollins Publishers), April 10, 2007
    • Georgina Howell: Gertrude Bell: Queen of the Desert, Shaper of Nations (Farrar, Straus and Giroux), April 17, 2007
    • Lynne Olson: Troublesome Young Men: The Rebels Who Brought Churchill to Power and Helped Save England, (Farrar, Straus and Giroux), April 17, 2007
    • Robert Dallek: Nixon and Kissinger: Partners in Power, (HarperCollins Publishers), April 24, 2007
    • Orville Vernon Burton: The Age of Lincoln, (Farrar, Straus and Giroux), June 2007
    • Gabor Boritt (Editor): Slavery, Resistance, Freedom, (Oxford University Press, USA), June 2007
    • William C. Davis: Virginia at War 1862 (Editor) (University Press of Kentucky), June 2007

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