Elizabeth Gritter: Black Voting Power Rose Up in MemphisRoundup: Historians' Take
Elizabeth Gritter, Ph.D., teaches U.S. history at Middle Tennessee State University, and her scholarship focuses on civil rights and black political efforts in Memphis.
Fifty-three years ago, four black men in Memphis ran for public office in a campaign that would have a transformative effect on the city and the state. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. spoke at a rally on their behalf, and their bid attracted local, state and national media attention, including from The Tennessean.
The men ran on the “Volunteer Ticket,” so named because of Tennessee’s nickname as the “Volunteer State.” Benjamin L. Hooks, who later became executive secretary of the NAACP, ran for juvenile court judge, and Russell B. Sugarmon Jr., who later became a judge, ran for public works commissioner. Two ministers ran for the school board.
Unlike most black Southerners, black Memphians could vote, and local leader Maxine Smith spearheaded voter registration efforts on behalf of the city’s NAACP branch in the late 1950s. In Memphis, no African-American had been elected to public office in modern times. Local black women and men saw the Volunteer Ticket as not only a political campaign but a civil-rights effort. Undeterred by white opposition, they mobilized for the office seekers through neighborhood organizations, rallies and get-out-the-vote campaigns....
comments powered by Disqus
- How Clinton Could Respond on Supreme Court Vacancy
- Trump and Clinton Way Ahead in South Carolina
- McConnell Says Senate Will Wait to Replace Scalia
- Antonin Scalia Is Dead
- Clinton Says Sanders Would Be Threat to Obama Legacy
- Internal Tracker Shows Trump Leading in South Carolina
- How the Primaries are Rigged Against Sanders
- Carson Sees Fundraising Resurgence
- Trump Has GOP Mega Donors Frozen
- Quote of the Day
- Top GOP Candidates Haven’t Released Tax Returns
- Trump Attack Ads Finally Begin
- Super PACs Gear Up for Clinton
- Cruz App Mines Data from Your Phone
- Trump Way Ahead in South Carolina
- Humans Hard-Wired to Teach, Anthropologist Says
- Parents outraged after students shown ‘white guilt’ cartoon for Black History Month
- Maryland is once again considering retiring its state song
- One of the last remaining Nazis goes on trial in Germany
- Inside story finally told of the young US diplomat who cracked the case of the murder of 4 nuns in El Salvador in 1980
- Historian at the center of Sanders-Clinton debate
- James Loewen Says Additional Baltimore Confederate Statues Should be Removed
- NYT History Book Reviews: Who Got Noticed this Week?
- A historian’s advice to students thinking of getting a PhD in a tough economic climate
- German historian Heinz Richter cleared of charges