On Other Websites: Archives June 2002 through September 2002





GEORGE F. KENNAN
George F. Kennan: At 98, veteran diplomat declares Congress must take lead on war with Iraq.
http://www.thehill.com/issues/092502/kennan.shtm

THE INVENTOR WHO FIRST FLEW A PLANE IN FRONT OF A CROWD (NOT THE WRIGHT BROTHERS)-- NPR
Orville and Wilbur Wright are credited with building the first airplane, but they weren't the first to fly one before an audience. A rival inventor named Glenn Curtiss holds that claim to fame.
http://search.npr.org/cf/cmn/segment_display.cfm?segID=150613

DIARY OF THE MOST FAMOUS CIVIL SERVANT EVER
We know more about a government servant of the 17th century than about any other man who ever lived, not excluding Churchill, Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy. We are familiar with Samuel Pepys's bowel movements and emotions, his human relationships and infidelities.
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/arts/main.jhtml;$sessionid$URVMO3IEUXYQZQFIQMFSFF4AVCBQ0IV0?xml=/arts/2002/09/22/botom22.xml&sSheet=/arts/2002/09/22/bomain.html

ERIC HOBSBAWM
How did such an intelligent man become a communist?
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/arts/main.jhtml;$sessionid$URVMO3IEUXYQZQFIQMFSFF4AVCBQ0IV0?xml=/arts/2002/09/22/bohob222.xml&sSheet=/arts/2002/09/22/bomain.html

AMERICANS BATTLING OVER HISTORIC SITES
From Fort Sumter to Appomattox, national parks that once confined their interpretation to military maneuvers and strategy are now beginning to talk about the causes and consequences of the Civil War. That's upsetting to some people.
http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/020930/misc/30civil.htm

THE TRUE LEGACY OF JOHN WESLEY POWELL
John Wesley Powell is best known as an explorer of the Colorado River and surrounding regions. But his greatest legacy may be the early warnings he sounded about settlement and water use in the West. A century after his death, Powell's ideas are earning new credibility. http://www.npr.org/programs/atc/features/2002/sept/powell/index.html

HITLER'S BEST FRIEND
The debate over Albert Speer's responsibility for Nazi war crimes rages on in Joachim Fest's new biography of the Third Reich's master architect and planner: Speer: The Final Verdict. http://www.salon.com/books/feature/2002/09/26/speer/index.html

WHY MARCHING IS SO CRUCIAL
The success of the British public's mass demonstrations against previous wars such as Vietnam show why this Saturday's Stop the War march in London is so important to revealing the public's new opposition to war with Iraq. http://www.guardian.co.uk/Iraq/Story/0,2763,799476,00.html

BELGIUM CONFRONTS ITS HEART OF DARKNESS
Belgium finally confronts the dark history of its cruel reign over the Congo. http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/21/arts/21LEOP.html

EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION
NPR marks the 140th anniversary of the preliminary version of the Emancipation Proclamation, with a conversation with Professor Allen Guelzo of Eastern University. He's the author of Abraham Lincoln: Redeemer President. http://search.npr.org/cf/cmn/segment_display.cfm?segID=150405

JESSE JAMES, REVISED
The author of a new book claims James was a terrorist bent on keeping alive the cause of the Old South. http://www.denverpost.com/Stories/0,1413,36%257E26%257E871236%257E,00.html

LEGENDARY VIKING FARM UNCOVERED IN ICELAND
UCLA: California archeologists have discovered a Viking Age farm in northern Iceland that may have been home to Snorri Thorfinnsson, the first European child born in North America and a hero in Norse folk legends. http://www.itechnology.co.za/index.php?click_id=588&art_id=qw1032240961596B241&set_id=1

TALKING HISTORY RADIO PROGRAMS
Talking History is a thirty-minute weekly radio program sponsored by the Organization of American Historians that separates fact from fiction and myth from reality through interviews with nationally recognized historians and writers. Recent shows include such topics as the history of caffeine, the life of Mother Jones, and the history of air conditioning. Click here to download the latest programs in MP3 format.
http://talkinghistory.oah.org/arch2002.html#Anchor-27985

HISTORY LESSONS FOR WARTIME PRESIDENTS AND THEIR GENERALS
Steven Weisman discusses Eliot A. Cohen's new book, Supreme Command (summer reading for President Bush), in which Cohen argues that all successful wartime presidents must be willing to overrule their military commanders.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/15/opinion/15SUN3.html

A WHIFF OF DREAD FOR THE LAND OF HOPE
Simon Schama advocates a dose of pessimism with regard to dealing with future terrorist threats against the U.S.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/15/weekinreview/15SCHA.html

'INVENTING AMERICA': A TECHNOLOGICAL HISTORY
A New York Times book review of Inventing America, a college textbook featuring"science and technology as integral elements of American history" by historians Pauline Maier, et al.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/15/books/review/15NASART.html

BUILDING NATIONAL RESOLVE BY TALKING ABOUT IT
Bruce Schulman argues the case for national debate over war in Iraq, claiming that in wars initiated after wide-ranging public debate, the nation's resolve was strengthened and a spirit of sacrifice and collective endeavor was engendered. On the contrary, going to war in the absence of this process has historically fostered division, doubt and discontent.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/15/weekinreview/15SCHU.html

TARGETED BY A HISTORY OF HATRED
Bernard Lewis attempts to answer the question of why some Muslim nations find the U.S. so contemptible.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A59594-2002Sep9.html

RESEARCH BRINGS A NEW DIMENSION TO 'A CANDIDATE'S VOICE'
A new study by researchers at Kent State University suggests that the way in which presidential candidates use their voices to communicate in debate determines the outcome of the election.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/17/science/social/17DEBA.html

CARO HAS ONE TO GO ON JOHNSON BUT NO RUSH
The New York Times profiles author and historian Robert Caro as he prepares to begin the fourth and final volume of his biography of Lyndon Baines Johnson.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/17/books/17CARO.html

MAYA CARVINGS TELL OF 2 SUPERPOWERS
The recently discovered Dos Pilas heiroglyphs are expected to shed light on the clashes of arms at the zenith of the classic Maya culture, which embraced much of central America and southern Mexico, and perhaps the causes of its eventual collapse more than two centuries later.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/19/science/19MAYA.html

NEW BROOKLYN MUSEUM EXHIBIT DEVOTED TO NUDES
"Exposed: The Victorian Nude," organized by Tate Britain, is a fascinating show uncovering the caustic debates that surrounded the nude even as it proliferated on the walls of Victorian Britain's salons.
http://www.newsday.com/features/printedition/ny-ffart2923286sep15.story?coll=ny%2Dfeatures%2Dprint

HISTORY OF TAX BATTLES FROM LINCOLN TO WILSON
He's covered politics, economics and international affairs for The New York Times for over 30 years. He now writes editorials for the paper. In his new book, The Great Tax Wars: Lincoln to Wilson The Fierce Battles over Money and Power That Transformed the Nation (Simon & Schuster) he looks at the battles over "wealth, power and fairness" that led to the establishment of the income tax.
http://freshair.npr.org/dayFA.cfm?display=day&todayDate=09%2F16%2F2002

HISTORIC PRESERVATION
How we preserve artifacts of the past; how practices differ in the East and the West.
http://www.lasvegascitylife.com/display/inn_books_and_lit/books.txt

VINLAND MAP--ANTI-NAZI PLOY?
A Norwegian historian says she has fingered the forger: a German Jesuit priest named Josef Fischer, whom she believes made the map partly to protest the Nazi regime.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/14/arts/design/14MAP.html

JESSE JAMES COMPARED TO BIN LADEN
Osama bin Laden is hardly the first terrorist to kill Americans in America. Nor was Timothy McVeigh. Think back, rather, 125 years ago--to Jesse James.
http://www.suntimes.com/output/kisor/sho-sunday-kisor15.html

HISTORIANS SAY 9-11 DID NOT CHANGE THE WORLD
For some historians the jury is still out as to whether the events of a year ago, devastating and traumatic as they were, represented a one-off episode in history or a decisive turning point.
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/star/2002/0912/cn8-1.html

COMPARISONS BETWEEN PATRIOTISM TODAY AND DURING WORLD WAR I
If you’re looking for parallels to life in post-9/11 America, says Dave Walter, the research historian for the Montana Historical Society in Helena, look no further than Montana during World War I.
http://www.montanaforum.com/rednews/2002/09/13/build/freedoms/pastpresent.php?nnn=3

STATE MUSEUM RECEIVE AFFILIATE STATUS FROM SMITHSONIAN
the affiliation program was started when Lawrence Small, Smithsonian secretary, realized that the institution displays only 2 percent of its artifacts. Why not let the American people enjoy the items that are in storage?
http://www.shreveporttimes.com/html/D8F0D44F-15B7-4E39-97F6-36D5A1074617.shtml

SMITHSONIAN EXHIBITS 9-11 ARTIFACTS
Associated Press reports on the debut of the new exhibit.
http://www.bayarea.com/mld/bayarea/entertainment/4050575.htm

JAPAN INVASION MYTH
Japan never intended to invade Australia in World War II, according to the principal historian at the Australian War Memorial.
http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2002/09/11/1031608248314.html

NPR: HOW OTHER MAJOR EVENTS HAVE BEEN REMEMBERED
NPR's Robert Smith looks at how other momentous events have -- and haven't -- been remembered through history, and speaks with historians about how one year later, Sept. 11 is in some ways a story without an ending.
http://search.npr.org/cf/cmn/segment_display.cfm?segID=149750

LOST CITY UNCOVERED
Robert Siegel talks with Tom Lewis, operation manager at Thurmond Lake Parks in Clarks Hill, S.C., about remnants of the colonial settlement of Petersburg. The remains of Petersburg have been revealed as the waters of Thurmond Lake receded during this summer's drought. The town was once Georgia's second-largest city. It was flooded 50 years ago when the lake was created.
http://search.npr.org/cf/cmn/segment_display.cfm?segID=149704

BENEATH HISTORIC FASHIONS
History's unmentionables come out of the closet in a new calendar from the Costume Society of America called Underwear: Beneath Historic Fashions. The calendar depicts undergarments from the early 18th century to the 1960s.
http://www.npr.org/programs/wesat/features/2002/aug/underwear/index.html

FRENCH RESISTANCE FIGHTER
The life of Henri Rol-Tanguy, a leader in the French Resistance during World War II, and praised for his efforts to liberate Paris, is recalled by host Liane Hansen and guest John Sweets, a history professor at the University of Kansas, and author of The Politics of Resistance in France, 1940-1944.
http://search.npr.org/cf/cmn/segment_display.cfm?segID=150042

MCPHERSON ON ANTIETAM: BLOODIEST BATTLE OF CIVIL WAR
The battle of Antietam, September 17, 1862 is remembered as the bloodiest day in American history and as a lost opportunity for a decisive Union victory. Neal Conan talks with James McPherson who argues that Antietam was in fact the turning point of the civil war.
http://search.npr.org/cf/cmn/segment_display.cfm?segID=150122

NAPOLEON'S SOLDIERS
The excavation of a mass grave of Napoleon’s soldiers could provide insights into both the French emperor’s biggest military blunder and lifestyles in 19th-century Europe.
http://www.msnbc.com/news/805695.asp

THAT WAS THE DAY THAT WAS
This article, which appeared in Wired magazine on 9/04/2002, reports on the various archival projects that seek to capture the e-mails, text messages, weblogs, videos and other digital snapshots of the 9/11 tragedy.
http://www.wired.com/news/culture/0,1284,54729,00.html

CONGRESSIONAL STUDY: WAR POWERS ACT
The Congressional Research Service reports on presidential compliance with the War Powers Act (which Arthur Schlesinger Jr once referred to as"toy handcuffs"). http://www.fas.org/man/crs/IB81050.pdf

THE GUNS OF SEPTEMBER
Nicholas Kristof highlights the contrasts between Bush and Iraq and JFK and the Cuban Missile Crisis.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/13/opinion/13KRIS.html

ONE YEAR LATER
Michael Miner looks at how Chicago papers covered the first anniversary of Pearl Harbor.
http://www.chireader.com/hottype/2002/020913_1.html .

A MEMORY BANK FOR THE PLANET
Rings of bristlecone pines, Earth's oldest trees, hold clues to global warming and human history. Scientist Thomas Harlan seeks the missing link in a record of nearly 12,000 years.
http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/front/la-me-bristlecone13sep13.story?coll=la%2Dhome%2Dtodays%2Dtimes .

WHO KILLED KING TUT?
Two U.S. gumshoes think they've solved the ancient mystery of the boy King's untimely death.
http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,349108,00.html .

'THE FALL OF BERLIN 1945': THE FINAL DAYS OF THE THIRD REICH
A New York Times book review of Antony Beevor's new book, a dramatic account of the final, awful months of World War II in Europe.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/08/books/review/08DESTET.html .

AT YALE, VINLAND MAP REMAINS A MYSTERY
It might be the most important map in North America, drawn by Viking explorers who landed on these shores long before Columbus set sail. Or it might be a modern fake, painstakingly forged on 600-year-old paper.
http://www.boston.com/dailyglobe2/251/metro/At_Yale_Vinland_Map_remains_a_mystery+.shtml .

BEST-SELLING CIVICS TEXTBOOK OF ALL TIME
Among high-school government and civics textbooks, Magruder's American Government is the 800-pound gorilla; it weighs six pounds.
http://slate.msn.com/?id=2070583&device= .

WAS HITLER HUMAN?
The story behind the making of the controversial movie that depicts Hitler as a young man, starring John Cusack.
http://www.salon.com/ent/movies/int/2002/09/09/cusack/index.html .

SECRETS OF SKULL & BONES
Journalist Alexandra Robbins, herself a member of another of Yale’s secret societies, interviewed more than a hundred Bonesmen and writes about the rituals that make up the organization.
http://www.msnbc.com/news/802773.asp .

CATLIN, CATLIN, CATLIN
Four hundred Catlin paintings and artifacts from the collection of the Smithsonian Institution's American Art Museum are on view through January 9, 2003.
http://www.nj.com/newsflash/washington/index.ssf?/cgi-free/getstory_ssf.cgi?a0433_BC_Catlin'sIndianGallery&&news&newsflash-washington .

HISTORY OF GRAVE ROBBING
A reminder of grave-robbing in the Black Country has come to light in a back garden. Peter Rhodes reports on a practice that terrified our ancestors - and also produced a few jokes.
http://www.expressandstar.com/artman/publish/article_11059.shtml .

NPR ON CLASSROOM LESSON PLANS: 911
Kathryn Baron of member station KQED reports on how various teachers are preparing to incorporate the events of September 11 into their curriculum.
http://search.npr.org/cf/cmn/segment_display.cfm?segID=149610 .

FROM ANOTHER CENTURY, A LIBERATING 9/11 STORY
At a time when every magazine from Vanity Fair to Bird Talk contains an anniversary article on the September 11 terrorist attacks, American History magazine has published a fascinating story about an event that took place exactly 150 years earlier -- on September 11, 1851.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A59628-2002Sep9.html .

JIMMY CARTER CODDLING DICTATORS
If you placed all the American presidents one on top of the other according to stature, James Earl Carter would be near the bottom.
http://frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=2977 .

FEELING SECURE, U.S. FAILED TO GRASP BIN LADEN THREAT
Americans had every reason, the experts say, to have seen it coming — and still, somehow, did not.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/08/international/asia/08ATTA.html .

HOW DID IRAQ GET ITS WEAPONS? WE SOLD THEM
Reports by the US Senate's Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs -- which oversees American exports policy -- reveal that the US, under the successive administrations of Ronald Reagan and George Bush Sr., sold materials including anthrax, VX nerve gas, West Nile fever germs and botulism to Iraq right up until March 1992, as well as germs similar to tuberculosis and pneumonia.
http://www.sundayherald.com/27572.

TRYING TO PIECE TOGETHER A PUZZLING PRESIDENCY
During the convention of the American Political Science Association in Boston, more than 20 scholars wrestled with the presidency of George W. Bush. In"Trying to Piece Together a Puzzling Presidency" (Washington Post, September 3, 2002), David S. Broder reports on the challenges in assessing the Bush presidency.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A27557-2002Sep2.html.

SPY HISTORY 101: AMERICA'S INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT
A history of America's code-breaking and counter-intelligence activities.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/08/weekinreview/08ROBE.html.

PEARL HARBOR AS PROLOGUE
Pearl Harbor as the definitive example of how U.S. intelligence fails.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/08/weekinreview/08WEIN.html.

FOND OF NEW YORK, FIRST CONGRESS WASN'T
What members of Congress thought of New York in 1789, upon the body's first meeting in Federal Hall.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/07/nyregion/07HIST.html.

PHOENIX GIVES HISTORY A COMIC RETELLING
A new show in Phoenix:"The Complete History of America (Abridged)." This is a show whose philosophy is best summed up by actor Rob Long, who says,"I believe it was Benjamin Franklin who said, 'History is written by the winners. 'Well, tonight, it's our turn."
http://www.bakersfield.com/entertainment/story/1723586p-1839707c.html.

BRITAIN CELEBRATES 150 YEARS OF THE PUBLIC TOILET
Proud of the past but embarrassed by the present, Britain marked the 150th anniversary of its public toilets this week amid warnings that public convenience is disappearing from its streets.
http://www.heraldonline.com/24hour/weird/story/498889p-3977479c.html.

1972 OLYMPIC SLAYINGS MARKED IN MUNICH
Thirty years after 11 Israelis were killed in the 1972 Olympic massacre, political leaders and sports figures gather to remember the victims of the most shocking terrorist attack prior to 9/11.
http://www.heraldonline.com/24hour/world/story/525717p-4166813c.html.

SYMBOLIC SITE FOR CONGRESS TO MEET
As Congress prepares to meet in the Federal Hall in lower Manhattan in honor of September 11, CNN.com provides a history of this symbolic building.
http://www.cnn.com/2002/ALLPOLITICS/09/05/federal.hall/index.html.

IN OUR OWN IMAGE
Every generation and culture seem able to find a Virgin Mary suited to their own tastes and preoccupations--but is the latest representation of the Virgin as a modern-day homegirl a bit too outrageous??
http://www.calendarlive.com/galleriesandmuseums/cl-ca-johnson1sep01.story.

MYSTERY HAUNTS A CIVIL WAR STORY
Jim Lehrer's No Certain Rest: the Civil War as a beach-blanket mystery novel??
http://www.calendarlive.com/books/cl-lv-books5sep05.story?coll=la%2Dheadlines%2Dbooks%2Dmanual.

TIME RECASTS VILLAINS, HEROES IN NEW MEXICO TOWN
Pancho Villa was once considered a terrorist. Today he's celebrated as a hero. How did that happen?
http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/134527810_tizon03m.html.

SEPT. 11 GOES TO SCHOOL: PATRIOTISM AND PSYCHOBABBLE IN THE CIVICS CLASSROOM
Those who thought that the 9/11 attacks would bring an end to the culture wars of the late 1990s, thought wrong: now groups on the left and right are fighting over two competing approaches to teaching 9/11 in the schools.
http://slate.msn.com/?id=2070415.

CONSERVATIVES, TEACHERS UNIONS AND POISONED DEBATE
Conservatives have attacked the National Education Association, the teachers union, for its Web site that offers advice on how to teach about the September 11 terrorist attacks.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/04/education/04LESS.html.

LEAK PROBE RECALLS 1986 INCIDENT
Sixteen years ago, Jesse Helms's staff was investigated by the FBI after secrets were leaked to Chile. This story explains why investigations of this sort are rare and rarely succeed.
http://www.rollcall.com/pages/news/00/2002/09/news0905f.html.

11 SEPTEMBER: A SYMPOSIUM
Essays by contributors in Eugene Genovese's Journal of the Historical Society.
http://www.bu.edu/historic/journal_fall2002.html#symposium.

"TIME" PERSON OF THE YEAR
"Time's Person of the Year at 75" is a traveling exhibition featuring what has become an American institution. NPR host Scott Simon walked through it at the Smithsonian with Hugh Sidey, a veteran journalist who has worked at Time magazine for the past 47 years.
http://search.npr.org/cf/cmn/segment_display.cfm?segID=149290.

JOHN HENRY
NPR tells the story of John Henry, the one-time slave who became the subject of the most popular folk song ever.
http://www.npr.org/programs/morning/features/patc/johnhenry/index.html.

USS MONITOR
Renee Montagne talks with John Broadwater, manager of the Monitor Marine National Sanctuary. Broadwater has been overseeing the effort to salvage the USS Monitor, the Civil-War-era iron-clad ship. The gun turret was raised earlier this month.
http://search.npr.org/cf/cmn/segment_display.cfm?segID=149180.

THE VANISHING -"AMERICAN BISON" BY DALE F. LOTT AND"THE EXTINCTION CLUB" BY ROBERT TWIGGER
American Bison : A history of the bison by author Dale Lott.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A14036-2002Aug29.html.

VIETNAM-ERA EXHIBIT DEBUTS IN CORONADO
"Open Doors: Vietnam POWs Thirty Years Later": a traveling exhibit to museums around the country. The exhibit tracks what happened to Vietnam POW's after they returned home from the war.
http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/metro/20020831-9999_1m31pow.html.

A NEW PAGE IN HISTORY
September 11, 2001, changed history in America's classrooms. For teachers, the risks of what and how to teach are cause great concern when dealing with unfolding history. Textbooks are being revamped to include chapters on the war on terrorism.
http://www.phillyburbs.com/couriertimes/news/news/0901history.htm.

SEARCH FOR SHIPWRECKS BEGINS ON LAKE HURON
Search for shipwrecks begins on Lake Huron. Researchers - including a team headed by explorer Robert Ballard, who found the Titanic in 1985 - are using computers to scan scanned the lake floor 100 feet below.
http://www.billingsgazette.com/index.php?id=1&display=rednews/2002/09/01/build/world/75-shipwrecks.inc.

THE ART OF MOURNING
Built in 1990 and appropriately attached to a funeral home in a cemetery outside of Philadelphia, the Museum of Mourning Arts is devoted to the representation of grief in American and European culture. NPR's Neda Ulaby visited the museum in preparation for the upcoming expressions of mourning on Sept. 11.
http://www.npr.org/programs/morning/features/2002/aug/mourning/index.html.

"DEFYING HITLER" BY SEBASTIAN HAFFNER
Review of"Defying Hitler," a memoir by the late German historian Raimund Pretzel (who wrote under the name Sebastian Haffner). Haffner was what the Nazis classified as Aryan--a non-Nazi who despised the regime but was not immediately in danger from it.
http://www.salon.com/books/review/2002/09/03/haffner/index.html.

AMERICA'S FAILED FRONTIER (NYT)
Nicholas Kristof acknowledges what he views as a monumental failure in American history: the settlement of the Great Plains.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/03/opinion/03KRIS.html.

DEATH IN SEPTEMBER
James McPherson, America's leading Civil War historian, compares 9-11 and Antietam, the bloodiest day in American history. For registered users only.
http://chronicle.com/weekly/v49/i02/02b00801.htm.

HISTORIANS DISCUSS ROLE OF MOTHERHOOD IN NATION-BUILDING, CITIZENSHIP
This article covers the politics of motherhood, spanning over 250 years.
http://news-service.stanford.edu/news/august7/mothers-a.html.

LEGENDARY SHIP FOUND BY SONAR
Marine scientists have found the paddle steamship Portland, known as the"Titanic of New England," which sank in a wintry gale in 1898 with more than 190 people on board. The discovery closes the chapter on one of the greatest maritime disasters in New England.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A13752-2002Aug29.html.

CIVIL WAR RAGES IN PRINT
Interest in Civil War books continues to grow according to James M. McPherson, professor of history at Princeton University and author of six books on the subject.
http://www.startribune.com/stories/384/3189669.html.

MUSEUM PLANS COULD CLASH WITH BOYCOTT BY NAACP
Plans for Charleston's proposed slavery museum have put the NAACP in an uncomfortable position: Should the group encourage the museum as a national attraction that will provide a long-overdue look at one of the formative events in black history in the United States, or should it continue its economic boycott against the state of South Carolina?
http://www.charleston.net/pub/archive/news/25museum.htm.

NOTES FROM A SUICIDE MANUAL
Excerpts from a manual Japanese kamikaze pilots carried in their cockpits for inspiration and which is now published in English for the first time.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/g2/story/0,3604,778587,00.html .

TEXTBOOK FACTUAL ERRORS
A conservative organization recounts the errors in Textbooks under review by the Texas State Board of Education.
http://www.constitution.org/reform/us/tx/textbook/compilation-textbookfactualerrors.pdf .

THE BUTCHER'S TALE: MURDER AND ANTI-SEMITISM IN A GERMAN TOWN
The tale told in the spring of 1900 by Gustav Hoffmann, a butcher in the West Prussian hamlet of Konitz,"was based," Helmut Walser Smith writes,"on a story even older than the poetry of Chaucer." It"drew from the ancient blood libel: that every year at Passover, Jews ritually slaughter Christian children and use their blood to bake matzo."
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A51427-2002Aug22.html .

RELATIVELY SPEAKING, EINSTEIN RETAINS UNIVERSAL APPEAL
Einstein's reputation has been taking some hard knocks lately, but he still looms large.
http://www.forward.com/issues/2002/02.08.23/news5.html .

IMPOSSIBLE HISTORIES
Edward Said reviews books on Islam by Karen Armstrong and Bernard Lewis.
http://www.harpers.org/online/impossible_histories/?pg=1 .

WHY TERROR HAS WORKED
The New Republic reviews Alan M. Dershowitz's new book Why Terrorism Works: Understanding the Threat, Responding to the Challenge.
http://www.frontpagemag.com./Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=2596.

THE KINGS OF COPPER
The Hendricks family of New York helped lay the foundation for the Industrial Revolution in America. Their pioneering production of copper was vital to the growth of the American economy and the nation's independence. One of the Hendricks's most important copper customers was Paul Revere.
http://jewishworldreview.com/jewish/history.html.

PER ANGER, DIPLOMAT WHO HELPED JEWS, DIES AT 88
Per Anger, a Swedish diplomat who with colleague Raoul Wallenberg saved tens of thousands of Hungarian Jews from deportation to Nazi death camps, died on Sunday in Stockholm. After the war, Anger, who later became Sweden's ambassador to Australia and Canada, worked to discover the fate of Wallenberg, who was whisked away by Soviet officers in early 1945 and never seen again.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/29/obituaries/29ANGE.html.

1941 JAPANESE SUB FOUND AT PEARL HARBOR
U.S. researchers say they have found a Japanese midget submarine sunk more than an hour before the aerial attack on Pearl Harbor. Discovery of the 78-foot (24-meter) vessel a few miles from Pearl Harbor could provide the first physical evidence to back U.S. military assertions that it fired first against Japan and inflicted the first casualties.
http://www.cnn.com/2002/US/08/28/pearl.harbor.sub.ap/index.html.

THE GOOD AND BAD OF PATRIOTIC MYTHS
In his resolve against the"axis of evil", President Bush is summoning the rhetoric of the nation's founders, many of whom believed that the American nation represented a fundamental break from all previous political cultures. This belief was and is, however, a classic example of a political myth, and while political myths have their uses, especially in times of war, they are inherently dangerous things.
http://www.heraldonline.com/24hour/opinions/story/513913p-4082160c.html.

WINTHROP PROFESSOR'S BOOK BRINGS TO LIGHT LESSER-KNOWN CONFEDERATE GENERAL IN WAR
For well over a century, Confederate Gen. Nathan"Shanks" Evans has been overlooked, relegated to secondary references in other Confederate war stories. Now Evans is getting his say with the recently published biography Shanks: The Life and Wars of General Nathan George Evans, C.S.A. by Jason H. Silverman, Samuel N. Thomas Jr. and Beverly D. Evans IV.
http://www.heraldonline.com/local/story/1677289p-1698080c.html.

CITY'S MINORITY WORLD WAR II SOLDIERS HONORED
Rock Hill, SC devoted a Day of Honor this week to eleven of its minority World War II veterans.
http://www.heraldonline.com/local/story/1679931p-1700464c.html.

BARCELONA CELEBRATES ITS OWN ARCHITECTURAL VISIONARY (NYT)
This summer, Barcelona celebrates its architectural heritage and the legacy of one of its most famous architects, Antoni Gaudí. The city has declared 2002 the Year of Gaudí, with more than 30 exhibitions and related events, including publications, festivals and concerts, devoted to commemorating his life. Sagrada Familia, the cathedral which Gaudi left unfinished when he was killed, is projected to be completed in 2022.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/29/arts/design/29ARTS.html.

JAPAN WAS DAYS AWAY FROM TESTING A BOMB WHEN IT SURRENDERED
Japan's secret plans to build its own atom bomb have resurfaced with the uncovering of a dossier smuggled out of the country at the end of the Second World War.
http://news.independent.co.uk/world/pacific_rim/story.jsp?story=321619. See also: http://darkblogules.blogspot.com/2002_08_01_darkblogules_archive.html#79940342

LEFT-WINGER SEES DANGER IN LOSS OF CIVIL LIBERTIES; COMPARES BUSH TO HITLER
We who grew up since the youth and social justice movements of the 1960s used to ask ourselves: How could the intelligentsia in Germany have been so acquiescent in the 1930s?
http://www.counterpunch.org/shivani0813.html

NEW BATTLE FOR CHANCELLORSVILLE
Here, where thousands fell in one of the greatest battles ever fought on American soil, a new confrontation is shaping up over the fate of the battlefield pitting developers against preservationists.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/27/arts/27BATT.html

SECULAR SOCIETY NEEDS RELIGION
From the recent Supreme Court decision supporting vouchers for religious schools to a lower court objection to the phrase"one nation under God" in the pledge of allegiance to wrangling over cloning, stem-cell research, euthanasia and genetic engineering, religion has been re-entering the public arena in complex and unforeseen ways.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/24/arts/24RELI.html

NEW DOCUMENTS INDICATE US KNEW EARLY ON THAT ARGENTINA COUP LEADERS WERE DISAPPEARING ENEMIES
Last week, the State Department declassified 4,677 documents on rights abuses in Argentina that provide an inside look at the shifting impressions of American diplomats toward the dictatorship.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/25/weekinreview/25WORD.html & http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/22/international/americas/22ARGE.html

HITLER'S FILMMAKER
As she celebrates her 100th birthday with friends and a new film, Leni Riefenstahl, Hitler's favorite mythmaker, is trying to sell her innocence to yet another generation.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/24/international/europe/24FPRO.html

A MOVIE ABOUT THE YOUNG HITLER?
Controversy about CBS decision to do a movie about Hitler's youth.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/25/weekinreview/25BERN.html

DECONSTRUCTING OSAMA
Writer Bernard Lewis examines why Osama bin Laden is still popular in the Arab world.
http://www.opinionjournal.com/editorial/feature.html?id=110002168

BREAD AND ROSES: THE LOST HISTORIES OF A SLOGAN AND A POEM
The popular labor slogan,"Bread and Roses," has long been attributed to the famous 1912 strike (often referred to as the"Bread and Roses Strike") held by textile workers in Lawrence, Massachusetts. In fact, James Oppenheim's poem"Bread and Roses" that was said to have been inspired by that strike was actually published before the strike began, and the slogan was attributed to other workers. His attribution and another in an early reprinting of the poem indicate that the slogan was first used by the National Women's Trade Union League in Chicago, not by striking workers at Lawrence. Click below to read more about the early printings of the poem, the widespread misattribution of the slogan to the strike at Lawrence, and how the slogan's origin in Chicago may change the meanings attached to it.
http://www.boondocksnet.com/labor/history/bread_and_roses_history.html

CHICKEN HAWKS
As the Bush administration paints itself into an ever-tighter corner with its Iraq rhetoric, it is instructive to note the astonishing extent to which those so anxious to stage the next war managed to be absent from the last one. The U.S. is now mainly governed by men in their mid-50s - the Vietnam generation - except that this lot missed being the Vietnam generation. The enterprisingly original New Hampshire Gazette (www.nhgazette.com) maintains a"Chickenhawks" database to tell their stories.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/Columnists/Column/0,5673,777572,00.html

ORDINARY PEOPLE, EXTRORDINARY EVIL
What kind of person can attack, mutilate and kill a total stranger or even a neighbor? James Waller, a professor of psychology at Whitworth College in Spokane, WA, claims that complex forces in human nature make us all capable of committing acts of genocide.
http://www.salon.com/books/int/2002/08/22/waller/index.html

BAMBOO DICK, FIRST IN FLIGHT
As preparations in the U.S. for next December's celebrations of the Wright brothers continue, Salon.com's Debbi Gardiner inquires,"What's all this fuss about the Wright brothers? All good Kiwis know New Zealand's Richard Pearse got there first.
http://www.salon.com/tech/feature/2002/08/22/richard_pearse/index.html?x

UNPUBLISHED DOCUMENT SHEDS LIGHT ON PERU'S INCA RULERS
An unpublished 19th-century manuscript, rescued from oblivion by a collector, contains depictions of Inca rulers that clear up centuries-old questions. The manuscript, entitled"Memories of the Peruvian Monarchy or Outline of Inca History," was written in 1838 by Justo Apu Sahuaraura, a direct descendant of Pachacutec, the last Inca of royal stock.
http://www.thenewsmexico.com/noticia.asp?id=33135

VISITING AUTHOR DEBUNKS 'BAD HISTORY'
Sociologist and professor James Loewen, author of Lies My Teacher Told Me: Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong and Lies Across America: What Our Historic Sites Get Wrong, has been on a mission of late to debunk myths about American history and to try to set the record straight. In conjunction with this pursuit, Loewen recently gave a lecture in Elizabethtown, NY about the facets of the lives of Abraham Lincoln, Stephen A. Douglas and local demi-hero John Brown that were left out of the country’s high-school textbooks.
http://www.pressrepublican.com/Archive/2002/08_2002/082320027.htm

'DESPERATELY SEEKING CERTAINTY': DEBUNKING A CONSTITUTIONAL THEORY (NYT)
A New York Times review of Daniel A. Farber and Suzanna Sherry's new book Desperately Seeking Certainty, in which they rebuke six thinkers they see as shoehorning the Constitution into idiosyncratic theoretical pigeonholes.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/25/books/review/25EPPS.html?ex=1030852800&en=%2038b6f1d9b81b9fbb&ei=5040&partner=MOREOVER

POLISHED BIOPIC 'RFK' PORTRAYS HIS GOOD SIDE
RFK, an original movie that aired Sunday August 25 on the FX cable network, may be placed firmly in the"Good Bobby" camp. Director Robert Dornhelm and screenwriter Hank Steinberg don't deny"Bad Bobby's" existence. Instead, they see a Robert Kennedy transformed by survivor's guilt into an embodiment of American conscience, a politician who could have -- as Good Bobby's favorite poet Aeschylus wrote -- tamed the savagery of man and made gentle the life of the world.
http://www.miami.com/mld/miamiherald/3924527.htm

SLAIN MAINE POLITICIAN'S LETTERS POIGNANTLY REFLECT TIMES OF THE 1830s
Jonathan Cilley, a promising young congressman from Maine, was killed in a duel in 1838. Now, much of Cilley’s life, as well as the lives of his survivors and descendants, have been reconstructed from a cache of letters that had been preserved in almost pristine condition by the family for generations. The 500 letters, painstakingly deciphered over a period of five years by historian Eve Anderson, now appear in a book entitled A Breach of Privilege, Cilley Family Letters 1820-1867.
http://www4.fosters.com/news2002/aug_02/aug23_02/news/reg_me0823h.asp

JAPAN'S REVISIONISTS TURN EMPEROR INTO A GOD ONCE MORE
According to a new exhibit at Japan's most popular war museum, Emperor Hirohito's godlike status has not changed since the second world war. The slick, Shinto-oriented rewrite of history at the Yasukuni shrine in Tokyo denies that Emperor Hirohito renounced his divinity in 1946, as most westerners and Japanese believe.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/japan/story/0,7369,778007,00.html

CHINA HAD EXPRESS MAIL IN 221 B.C.
Express postal delivery would seem to be a modern invention, but writings on ancient bamboo slips suggest that China had such a service 2,223 years ago.
http://dsc.discovery.com/news/briefs/20020812/chinapost.html

BUSH FACES HISTORIC IRAQ DECISION
The decision to use massive force against another country is one that many presidents, including Truman, Kennedy, and now George W. Bush, have had to face. To many, however, what seems to be lacking in the Iraq case is the clear provocation that Truman confronted against Japan and Kennedy against the Soviet Union and their Cuban allies.
http://dsc.discovery.com/news/briefs/20020812/chinapost.html

THE EXHAUSTION FACTOR
There are several indications of Palestinian war-weariness, from anti-PA demonstrations by unemployed workers in Gaza to talk among the Fatah Tanzim of the need for a ceasefire. This exhaustion factor has foreshadowed turning points in Arab approaches towards the Arab-Israeli conflict many times in the past. Could it also serve as one today?
http://www.brookings.edu/views/op-ed/indyk/20020802.htm

THE NEW RED SCARE
"A decade after winning the Cold War, is America in danger of a communist takeover?" asks James Taranto of the Wall Street Journal. You might think so if you've been listening to the critics of a proposed antiterror effort called Operation TIPS. TIPS, which stands for Terrorism Information and Prevention System, is a sort of nationwide Neighborhood Watch, designed to permit Americans workers to report potentially unusual or suspicious activity in public places.
http://frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=2376

EXHIBIT SHOWS MOHAWKS' WORK IN NYC
Mohawk ironworkers built Manhattan's skyline, spanned the Hudson and Verrazano Narrows, and raised the World Trade Center Twin Towers. Now, in tribute to Mohawk skills and bravery in the wake of the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, the National Museum of the American Indian is presenting a photo exhibit about their precarious vocation and rich history, compiled from archives and snapshots of ironworkers on the job.
http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/ap/20020814/ap_en_ot/wkd_mohawk_builders_1

ELDERS' VOICES PRESERVED FOR FUTURE: PROJECT RECORDS HISTORIES OF BLACK AMERICANS
The National Visionary Leadership Project was begun to help preserve the voice of a generation of legendary and pioneering black Americans now 70 or older. All the interview subjects lived through the Jim Crow era — when segregation was legal in the South, in some border states, and even parts of the North. The project continues a tradition of personal oral histories that dates back to slave autobiographies.
http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/ap/20020808/ap_wo_en_po/fea_us_living_histories_1

U.S. HAS HISTORY OF LAWS BARRING IMMIGRANTS FROM OWNING LAND
Over the past two centuries, the U.S. Congress and state governments have passed numerous laws targeting racial minorities, ranging from prohibiting interracial marriage, to establishing immigration quotas based on race, to forbidding certain groups from owning property. Those laws are now a relic of a less enlightened past, but some are still on the books.
http://www.voanews.com/article.cfm?objectID=F846A621-3C98-43C7-B6A4D6E8E235D9FC&title=US%20Has%20History%20of%20Laws%20Barring%20Immigrants%20from%20Owning%20Land&catOID=45C9C78F-88AD-11D4-A57200A0CC5EE46C

HISTORICAL SOCIETY LOOKS AT JFK'S IMPACT ON CAPITOL HILL
In a series of four noontime lectures this month, speakers chosen by the U.S. Capitol Historical Society are examining the impact of the Massachusetts Democrat who served three terms in the House and eight years in the Senate before entering the Oval Office. The topics of the series,"The Kennedys' Impact on Capitol Hill," range from the genesis of the environmental movement to the relationship of JFK and Jacqueline Kennedy with the press corps to the Cuban Missile Crisis and its impact on Washington and American culture.
http://www.hillnews.com/081402/jfk.shtm

LIFE IN DEEPEST FRANCE: OH! THESE TOURISTS
The famous prehistoric cave paintings on the hillside at Lascaux were discovered by chance in 1940, while France was still under Nazi occupation. In 1963, the cave was closed to the public due to the damage caused to the paintings by the polluted air coming in on visitors' shoes, clothing, and breath. Resulting public dismay, however, led to the creation of a replica of the most spectacular bits, inc

EXHIBIT SHOWS MOHAWKS' WORK IN NYC
Mohawk ironworkers built Manhattan's skyline, spanned the Hudson and Verrazano Narrows, and raised the World Trade Center Twin Towers. Now, in tribute to Mohawk skills and bravery in the wake of the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, the National Museum of the American Indian is presenting a photo exhibit about their precarious vocation and rich history, compiled from archives and snapshots of ironworkers on the job.
http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/ap/20020814/ap_en_ot/wkd_mohawk_builders_1

ELDERS' VOICES PRESERVED FOR FUTURE: PROJECT RECORDS HISTORIES OF BLACK AMERICANS
The National Visionary Leadership Project was begun to help preserve the voice of a generation of legendary and pioneering black Americans now 70 or older. All the interview subjects lived through the Jim Crow era — when segregation was legal in the South, in some border states, and even parts of the North. The project continues a tradition of personal oral histories that dates back to slave autobiographies.
http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/ap/20020808/ap_wo_en_po/fea_us_living_histories_1

U.S. HAS HISTORY OF LAWS BARRING IMMIGRANTS FROM OWNING LAND
Over the past two centuries, the U.S. Congress and state governments have passed numerous laws targeting racial minorities, ranging from prohibiting interracial marriage, to establishing immigration quotas based on race, to forbidding certain groups from owning property. Those laws are now a relic of a less enlightened past, but some are still on the books.
http://www.voanews.com/article.cfm?objectID=F846A621-3C98-43C7-B6A4D6E8E235D9FC&title=US%20Has%20History%20of%20Laws%20Barring%20Immigrants%20from%20Owning%20Land&catOID=45C9C78F-88AD-11D4-A57200A0CC5EE46C

HISTORICAL SOCIETY LOOKS AT JFK'S IMPACT ON CAPITOL HILL
In a series of four noontime lectures this month, speakers chosen by the U.S. Capitol Historical Society are examining the impact of the Massachusetts Democrat who served three terms in the House and eight years in the Senate before entering the Oval Office. The topics of the series,"The Kennedys' Impact on Capitol Hill," range from the genesis of the environmental movement to the relationship of JFK and Jacqueline Kennedy with the press corps to the Cuban Missile Crisis and its impact on Washington and American culture.
http://www.hillnews.com/081402/jfk.shtm

LIFE IN DEEPEST FRANCE: OH! THESE TOURISTS
The famous prehistoric cave paintings on the hillside at Lascaux were discovered by chance in 1940, while France was still under Nazi occupation. In 1963, the cave was closed to the public due to the damage caused to the paintings by the polluted air coming in on visitors' shoes, clothing, and breath. Resulting public dismay, however, led to the creation of a replica of the most spectacular bits, including the famous"bull chamber". Opened in 1987, Lascaux II (the replica built into the very same hillside) receives about 1.5 million visitors every year.
http://www.upi.com/view.cfm?StoryID=20020813-121841-1706r

THE NATURE OF HUMAN NATURE
Columnist George F. Wills basically reviews Richard Rhodes's new and very timely book, Masters of Deceit in his discussion of human nature as it relates to political ideology. Rhodes's book explains why German Nazis acted so brutally during WWII.
http://www.msnbc.com/news/792488.asp

SURVIVAL, BUT NOT TRIUMPH
Leni Riefenstahl, the last living confidant of Adolph Hitler, now age 99, has had 'Five Lives' by her account, but that of propagandist for Hitler is one she cannot shed, despite her denials.
http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/la-fg-leni15aug15002056.story

THE SILENCE OF THE HISTORIC PRESENT; SEPT. 11 LEAVES SPEAKERS AT A LOSS FOR THEIR OWN WORDS (NYT)
No words could express the horror of Sept. 11, 2001, it was said again and again. No words could soothe the souls of the living or the dead. No words could express what the city had experienced; no words could convey the collective sorrow. On such a day, in such a time, words would not do.
http://query.nytimes.com/search/abstract?res=F10614F8395E0C728DDDA10894DA404482

KALININGRAD JOURNAL; A RUSSIAN CITY DIGS UP ITS PAST AND FINDS GERMANY(NYT)
Kaliningrad, former German city of Konigsberg that was ceded to the Soviet Union at the end of World War II, is gradually recovering its past after nearly half a century in which 700 years of its history was systematically destroyed by Soviets. New efforts, however, have raised questions as to whether the region, with its 900,000 inhabitants, is Russian or German at heart.
http://query.nytimes.com/search/abstract?res=F30614FE3A5E0C708DDDA10894DA404482

CODED CONTRIBUTIONS: NAVAJO TALKERS AND THE PACIFIC WAR
During the Pacific War, Japanese attempts to crack battlefront communications were frustrated by a dedicated band of Native Americans stationed with the Marine Corps and transmitting in a Navajo code. Click below to learn more about this hitherto little-known story.
http://www.historytoday.com/index.cfm?articleid=13324

EDUCATION AFTER THE CULTURE WARS
Diane Ravitch imagines a future in which history and literature are absent from American schools. She states that although" cultural amnesia" is a frightening prospect, that is, unfortunately, exactly the direction that the nation's schools are headed in light of the censorship and sensitivity standards that permeate the educational publishing industry. In fact, the present"regime of censorship" explains why many American students enter college without having been exposed to the works of major writers and historians.
http://daedalus.amacad.org/issues/summer2002/ravitch.pdf

SHARON MUST BE THE RIGHT MAN FOR THE JOB
From the beginning, Zionist thought has been divided into two main schools:the heavy-handed school, founded by revisionist leader Ze'ev Jabotinsky, which favours military solutions to any conflict, and the school of reconciliation adhered to by moderate Zionists like Moshe Sharet. This article explains the two conflicting ideologies.
http://www.counterpunch.org/atzmon0813.html

TWIST AND SHOUT
A conference titled"Our Country, Our Culture" was sponsored by Partisan Review magazine some weeks ago at Boston University. Still going after nearly 70 years, the conference was held on the anniversary of the magazine's original 1952 symposium,"Our Country and Our Culture." Fifty years ago this month, a significant debate over the relationship between American intellectuals and American culture was raging in the pages of the Partisan Review, the legendary journal that the so-called New York Intellectuals had made their stamping ground.
http://www.latimes.com/features/printedition/books/la-bk-siegel11aug11.story?null

RUMSFELD DRAWS PARALLEL WITH HITLER
"I mean Mein Kampf had been written. Hitler had indicated what he intended to do. Maybe he won't attack us. Maybe he won't do this or that. Well, there were millions of people dead because of the miscalculations."
http://www.guardian.co.uk/Iraq/Story/0,2763,778180,00.html

THE SANDBOX OF IWO JIMA
Jeffrey L. Pasley, an American History instructor at the University of Missouri-Columbia, criticizes Second Lady Lynne Cheney's version of American history as outlined in her patriotic children's book America: A Patriotic Primer.
http://www.common-place.org/publick/200208.shtml

THE DANGER OF HISTORICAL AMNESIA - A CONVERSATION WITH WRITER DAVID McCULLOUGH
NEH Chairman Bruce Cole speaks with historian and writer David McCullough about how America's schools have failed and why.
http://www.neh.fed.us/news/humanities/2002-07/danger.html

AMERICAN WAY OF DEATH
America as a culture has changed how it deals with death publicly, and these changes now inform that specialized architectural structure called a memorial.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/18/weekinreview/18HITT.html

GARRY WILLS: HOW A NATION CAN MOURN
"Just as Lincoln did not merely read the Declaration of Independence over the dead, Dr. King did not just read the Gettysburg Address in the shadow of the Lincoln Memorial. He, too, thought the old document into his immediate situation." So should people do now, argues Wills.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/18/opinion/18WILL.html

HISTORY'S GREATEST HOAXES
US News & World Report reviews the greatest hoaxes in history: NY Sun discovers life on the moon; Hitler taken in by Allied hoax.
http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/020826/home.htm

ATLANTICISM
To most people, unfortunately,"Atlanticism" means absolutely nothing -- even this computer's spell check utility continues to insist the word doesn't even exist. What a pity! The power alignment that this word represents arguably saved all their lives, from British aristocrats to Microsoft programmers.
http://www.upi.com/view.cfm?StoryID=20020813-054759-1907r

LEWIS & CLARK ARE OVERRATED
Like the moon landing, the Lewis and Clark expedition was inspiring, poetic, metaphorical, and ultimately insignificant.
http://slate.msn.com//?id=2069382

Goldhagen v. Pius XII
Tendentious attacks on Pope Pius XII (Eugenio Pacelli) have become commonplace. Yet according to author Ronald J. Rychlak, Daniel Goldhagen’s 27,000–word essay for the New Republic, “What Would Jesus Have Done? Pope Pius XII, the Catholic Church, and the Holocaust” (January 21, 2002), calls for special attention. Not content to argue that Pope Pius did less to save the Jews than he should have, as many other scholars have done, Goldhagen goes much further to attack Pacelli as an anti–Semite and the Church as a whole as an institution thoroughly, and perhaps inextricably, permeated by anti–Semitism.
http://www.firstthings.com/ftissues/ft0206/articles/rychlak.html

Fat Americans
In his book The Magic Harvest: Food, Folklore and Society, Piero Camporesi, the historian of Italian food, relates the history of the human diet and weight.
http://www.counterpunch.org/davis0803.html

On A River Of Memory
"The Danube Exodus: The Rippling Currents of the River," a new interactive documentary by Hungarian filmmaker Peter Forgacs, adds layers to the telling of the story of two groups of people, the Jews and the Germans, who fled World War II in opposite directions on the Danube River.
http://events.calendarlive.com/top/1,1419,L-LATimes-Home-X!ArticleDetail-68782,00.html

Storytellers Give A Face To Lesser-known Revolutionary Life
African-American volunteers gave demonstrations and performances on August 10 as part of the annual"By the Sweat of Our Brows," a living history program at Historic Brattonsville celebrating African-American life and culture. The daylong event featured samples of West African culture and re-enactments of slave life on the frontier and during the American Revolution - from games and songs to slave religion.
http://www.heraldonline.com/local/story/1626711p-1653758c.html

Collaboration With Disney Helped Von Braun Sell Space
Wernher von Braun, the German physicist who oversaw most of the achievements of the U.S. space program until his death in 1977, might not have been as successful if it weren't for Walt Disney. In the 1950s, Von Braun collaborated with Disney on three highly popular space-related television films in an effort to sell the idea of space travel to the American public.
http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/ap/20020812/ap_wo_en_po/fea_us_von_braun_disney_1

German Rocket Team's Legacy: Space Program, V-2 Rockets
Walter Jacobi, one of the few remaining German technicians whose genius helped put American astronauts on the moon, recalls the achievements of the team of 119 scientists, led by Wernher von Braun, who arrived in Huntsville, Alabama a half-century ago and turned the city's cotton fields into a landmark of space exploration. But for some, that grand legacy is marred by the group's initial work creating V-2 rockets for the German military during WWII, using the help of thousands of concentration camp laborers.
http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/ap/20020812/ap_wo_en_po/fea_us_german_rocket_team_1

Old Book Hints At Piedmont's Immigrant Life
A cloth-bound book titled"Alien Registration Record", dating back to a time when the United States was increasingly watchful regarding aliens' loyalty to the country, now sits forgotten and dusty in a North Carolina courthouse. The little book offers a profile of a small county's noncitizen immigrant community between the late 1920s and early 1940s, information that was not recorded in the Census Bureau's surveys.
http://www.news-record.com/news/local/rock/bolich12rd.htm

Lone Survivor Of Iwo Jima Flag-raising In World War II Is Honored
Eighty-two-year-old Marine Corps veteran Charles Lindberg (no relation to the famous aviator) finally got his recognition on August 10, 57 years after the end of World War II. Lindberg was part of the first group of Marines that raised the flag atop Mount Suribachi to rally American troops during the battle of Iwo Jima. He is the only member of the flag-raising groups still alive.
http://www.startribune.com/stories/462/3156871.html

Researcher Studies Folklore For Clues About Tsunami
When scientists figured out that sea water drowned groves of tall trees up and down the coast of Washington state the same year a tsunami hit Japan, they theorized that a massive earthquake in the Pacific most likely triggered both events. But Ruth Ludwin, a University of Washington geophysics professor, was unsatisfied. In fact, Ludwin wasn't convinced until she found evidence that an earthquake really did occur in 1700 in the obscure volumes of tribal folklore recorded by the Indians who lived through the event.
http://www.nandotimes.com/healthscience/story/496241p-3958410c.html

Garry Wills (NPR Radio Program)
Listen as guest host Steve Inskeep talks to author Garry Wills of Northwestern University about the plans to read the Gettysburg Address in New York City during the ceremony commemorating the Sept. 11 attacks.
http://search.npr.org/cf/cmn/segment_display.cfm?segID=148148

Group Helps Civil War Legacy Live On
As the first African-American president of the national Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War, Celestine Hollings wants to teach everyone about the blacks who fought for the North.
http://www.springfieldnews-leader.com/news/civilwar0812.html

Cronkite On Vietnam War (NPR Radio Program)
As the anchor for the CBS Evening News in 1968, Walter Cronkite's job was to provide a non-partisan account of the war in Vietnam. As the war continued, however, Cronkite eventually left his studio to report from the field, bringing back accounts that, some say, changed the American public's attitude toward the war. Walter Cronkite takes listeners back to those turbulent times in this report.
http://search.npr.org/cf/cmn/segment_display.cfm?segID=147965

CIA Scientist Frank Olson (NPR Radio Program)
Frank Olson, a CIA scientist involved in biological and mind-control experiments, died in 1953 under mysterious circumstances. In 1975, Preisdent Ford apologized to the Olson family and paid them $750,000 after admitting that days before Olson's death, the CIA fed him LSD without his knowledge as part of an experiment. NPR Senior News Analyst Daniel Schorr says that White House documents from 1975 suggest that the government settled the case to prevent the disclosure of very sensitive information concerning Olson's work at the CIA. Fifty years later, the Olson family is still searching for the truth.
http://search.npr.org/cf/cmn/segment_display.cfm?segID=147964e

Historian Takes New Look at Massacre
Almost 145 years after the darkest chapter in Utah's history -- the murders of 120 California-bound pioneers by a group of Mormon settlers and their Indian allies -- a new book lays blame for the massacre at the feet of Mormon prophet Brigham Young. Needless to say, both book and author are causing a sensation in Salt Lake City.
http://www.sltrib.com/2002/aug/08112002/utah/760812.htm

Why Isn't Doris Kearns Goodwin Toast?
For some reason, attention hasn't been paid to a fairly damning front-page Los Angeles Times piece that knocks one of the remaining props out from under Goodwin's defense.
http://slate.msn.com/?id=2069001&device

Dummying Up: For Fear Of Reading A Book About The Koran
Robert Kirkpatrick, the University of North Carolina professor who chose the book"Approaching the Qur'an: The Early Revelations," as reading material for all incoming freshmen students, defends his choice to Bill Reilly on"The O'Reilly Factor" TV show.
The Ranch Getaways: Different Yet Similar (NYT)
Only 115 miles and three and a half decades separate George W. Bush's ranch from the L.B.J. Ranch in the heart of Texas Hill Country, but what a divide it is."L.B.J.'s ranch was an extension of his political life and personality," said one friend of Mr. Bush's who has visited the ranch."Bush's ranch is a haven for him, his family and his closest friends."
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/12/national/12LETT.html

Scientists Study Bronze Age Drugs
The discovery of ancient ceramic pots, most of them nearly identical in shape and about five inches long, in tombs and settlements throughout the Middle East, provide evidence of an ancient drug trade among the ancient cultures of the eastern Mediterranean.
http://www.abcnews.go.com/wire/World/ap20020807_922.html

Fortress Washington--With Spies Too
If anything is unsettling about the new International Spy Museum in Washington, it is the ghostly presence of another spy world, the one not on display. This other spy world is the one immersed in contradictions between the by-any-means-necessary attitude of covert actions and the democratic nation of laws that the spy services are sworn to protect. It is a world in which sometimes agents have to behave in ways that don't make great family viewing.
http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/columnists/chi-0208040173aug04.column?coll=chi%2Dnews%2Dcol



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