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ID: 154029
Uid: 14552
Author: 13
Category: 0
Title: Life during Wartime 476
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Body: <img src="http://www.joshbrownnyc.com/images/ldw425-476.jpg">
ID: 154030
Uid: 31615
Author: 19
Category: 0
Title: Santa’s On His Way
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Body: <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">Rejoice! Rejoice! Your tax cut is almost here!</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">All you taxpayers, your standard deduction is going way up! You will be able to deduct thousands more dollars from your income, tax-free! You’ll save big.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">Oh, you’re a single filer? Well, you still save, but not big. Although the standard deduction goes up by $5650, the personal exemption of $4050 disappears. That leaves you an extra $1600 sheltered from income tax. If you are an average earner, with an income of about $31,000, you’ll save about $500. A few more cups of coffee every week. But only for a few years, since the individual rate cuts are temporary.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">You’re a married couple? Your standard deduction also nearly doubles from $12,700 to $24,000, but you lose two personal exemptions. Say you’re an average household making $51,000 – your savings could be about $700, nothing to sneeze at. Put it away, because the tax cut expires soon.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">Your family has children? That’s much more complicated, of course. Now the loss of personal exemptions really hurts. But there’s another wrinkle: the tax credit for each child goes up from $1000 to $1600 in the House bill and to $2000 in the Senate bill. You have two kids and make $75,000? That higher tax credit really helps, bringing your tax bill down more than $1500. Oops, the higher tax credit is also temporary.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">Some other goodies in the Republican plan are really sweet. You’ll still </span><a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/business/wp/2017/11/07/what-is-carried-interest-and-why-it-matters-in-the-new-gop-tax-bill/?utm_term=.bcfffa380d11"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">only pay a 20% tax</span></a><span style="font-size: 12.0pt"> on your carried interest earnings, while your neighbors pay up to 39% on their income. You don’t know what carried interest is? Then you probably don’t own a hedge fund, so it’s better not to think about this tax break for the richest Americans.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">But congratulations, you don’t have to worry any more about passing on your hard-earned inheritance to your children. The Senate bill doubles the amount to $11 million that you can pass on and the House bill eliminates the estate tax completely. That’s good – but only if you are even richer than most 1%-ers. If not, rejoice for them!</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">Stop. Let’s get serious. This tax bill is not for you and me, unless we’re among the lucky 1%-ers who are the real beneficiaries of Republican “tax reform”. Just in the final hours before the Senate vote, even more goodies for the very, very wealthy were shoved into the legislation. Although the top rate for income over $500,000 (know anyone like that?) is 39.6%, a few new categories of income will now get a </span><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/02/business/tax-bill-offers-last-minute-breaks-for-developers-banks-and-oil-industry.html"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">reduced rate of 29.6%:</span></a><span style="font-size:12.0pt"> pass-through entities, investments in mortgages held by real estate investment trusts, and certain income from gas and oil operations. That means about $114 billion less revenue. The White House will be rejoicing: much of Trump family income will benefit from these new loopholes.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">Have you been hiding billions in off-shore accounts? If so, you can now bring those profits home for less than 15% tax, even lower than the new 20% corporate tax. Good news for those tax cheaters.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">But not for you. Those big breaks have to be paid for somehow. Here’s one way: if your employer rewards you a $50 gift card, you’ll have to declare that as income.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">There’s not much for us to rejoice about. But wait – if you want smaller government, rejoice, rejoice! Because the new tax bill will cause huge deficits, a law that goes back to the Bush administration mandates automatic cuts in spending in </span><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/11/29/upshot/paygo-medicare-cuts-tax-bill.html?action=click&amp;module=Well&amp;pgtype=Homepage"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">hundreds of government programs</span></a><span style="font-size:12.0pt">. Smaller government, here we come! Isn’t that great?</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">Unless you want Medicare to pay for some of your health care – the cut is “only” 4%, so just reach more deeply into your pocket for the $25 billion that will be cut. Unless you are a victim of crime – the cut will be $13 billion. Unless you have black lung disease or need Meals on Wheels or care about wildlife restoration, public health, highways, or hundreds of other federal programs, which will all automatically be cut, often to zero, because of this tax bill.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">Well, perhaps we just need to postpone our rejoicing. The Republicans say that the best way to help the rest of us is to give billions now to the wealthy and to corporations. They will be so happy that they’ll raise everybody’s wages and create new jobs.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">That’s called trickle-down economics. It’s working right now – the </span><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/27/business/economy/economy-quarter-gdp.html"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">economy is booming</span></a><span style="font-size: 12.0pt">, big banks are making </span><a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-07-21/bank-profits-near-pre-crisis-peak-in-u-s-despite-all-the-rules"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">huge profits</span></a><span style="font-size:12.0pt">, big corporations have </span><a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2016/09/20/us-companies-are-hoarding-2-and-a-half-trillion-dollars-in-cash-overseas.html"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">trillions of dollars in reserve</span></a><span style="font-size:12.0pt">, and wages are skyrocketing.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">Oops, that last part is not true. Average wages have been rising about </span><a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/posteverything/wp/2017/09/01/why-wage-growth-is-too-slow-and-what-to-do-about-it/?utm_term=.e800e56ee3b1"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">2% a year</span></a><span style="font-size:12.0pt"> for 7 years, just a bit faster than inflation has eaten those gains up. The rich have been getting </span><a href="https://www.marketwatch.com/story/5-charts-explain-why-some-american-families-are-getting-far-richer-than-others-2017-10-05"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">a lot richer</span></a><span style="font-size:12.0pt">, corporations have made huge profits, and the middle class has been stuck.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">Nothing has been trickling down.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">Republicans say this new tax bill will change everything. </span><a href="http://www.businessinsider.com/trump-gop-tax-bill-will-hurt-benefit-2017-11"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">Trump says</span></a><span style="font-size:12.0pt"> about the tax bill, “This is going to cost me a fortune.”</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">If you believe in Santa Claus, rejoice, rejoice.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">What’s next for us? Just take a look at Paul Ryan’s New Year’s resolution – </span><a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2017/12/01/gop-eyes-post-tax-cut-changes-to-welfare-medicare-and-social-security/?utm_term=.24085c3732ba"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">cut Medicare and Social Security</span></a><span style="font-size:12.0pt">.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">Steve Hochstadt</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">Jacksonville IL</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt">Published in the Jacksonville Journal-Courier, December 5, 2017</span></p> <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves/> <w:TrackFormatting/> <w:PunctuationKerning/> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas/> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> 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ID: 154031
Uid: 4699
Author: 4
Category: 0
Title: Female Reporter Broke Epic Congressional Sex Scandal—In 1850
Source: The Daily Beast
Body: <p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; color: rgb(2, 20, 31); font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;">In one of America’s first congressional sex scandals, a brave woman nervously publicized the open secret about “<a href="https://www.si.edu/exhibitions/daniel-webster-the-godlike-black-dan-1714" style="color: inherit; transition: color 0.15s ease;">The Godlike</a>” Sen. Daniel Webster’s sexual promiscuity—and, surprise!—got fired.</p><p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; color: rgb(2, 20, 31); font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;">It was spring, 1850, and America was unraveling. Political arguments degenerated into personal insults, then escalated into permanent ruptures. The polarized country seemed to be suffering a nervous breakdown under a thin-skinned, aging, amateur president who had never held political office before and had never even voted for president before voting for himself.&nbsp;</p><p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; color: rgb(2, 20, 31); font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;">Zachary Taylor’s America was splintering over slavery—with Jane Swisshelm’s help. As Congress debated what ultimately became the&nbsp;<a href="https://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Compromise1850.html" style="color: inherit; transition: color 0.15s ease;">Compromise of 1850</a>, this outspoken abolitionist journalist felt betrayed by the former secretary of State, perennial presidential hopeful, and magnificent orator, Massachusetts’ Sen. Daniel Webster. Disgusted by this Northern icon’s surrender to the Southern Slave Power, “sniffing” a “moral stench,” Swisshelm decided to publicize some hot gossip Washingtonians took as gospel...</p><p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; color: rgb(2, 20, 31); font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;"><a href="https://www.thedailybeast.com/female-reporter-broke-epic-congressional-sex-scandalin-1850">Read whole article on The Daily Beast.</a></p><p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; color: rgb(2, 20, 31); font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;"><em style="color: rgb(80, 80, 80); font-family: merriweather, georgia, 'times new roman', serif; font-size: 15px;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"><strong>Gil Troy&nbsp;</strong>is the author of<strong>&nbsp;</strong></span><a href="https://giltroy.us6.list-manage.com/track/click?u=12bc4da52372e985504783f87&amp;id=aec167ed91&amp;e=ef66bbdca2" target="_blank" data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?hl=en&amp;q=https://giltroy.us6.list-manage.com/track/click?u%3D12bc4da52372e985504783f87%26id%3Daec167ed91%26e%3Def66bbdca2&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1512810426955000&amp;usg=AFQjCNFjmFpP6gm22hA5ZFWJLEA72wzRHw" style="color: rgb(51, 102, 153);"><strong>The Age of Clinton: America in the 1990s</strong></a>.&nbsp;<span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">His forthcoming book,&nbsp;The Zionist Ideas, which&nbsp;updates Arthur Hertzberg's classic work,&nbsp;will be published by The Jewish Publication Society in Spring 2018. Professor Gil Troy is Distinguished Scholar in North American History at McGill University. Follow on Twitter&nbsp;</span><a href="https://giltroy.us6.list-manage.com/track/click?u=12bc4da52372e985504783f87&amp;id=2e6bf8a8aa&amp;e=ef66bbdca2" target="_blank" data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?hl=en&amp;q=https://giltroy.us6.list-manage.com/track/click?u%3D12bc4da52372e985504783f87%26id%3D2e6bf8a8aa%26e%3Def66bbdca2&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1512810426955000&amp;usg=AFQjCNHhugLTSKYW0th8ZsDPclynkB_39Q" style="color: rgb(51, 102, 153);">@GilTroy</a>.</em></p>
ID: 154034
Uid: 78797
Author: 48
Category: 0
Title: How to Address Truth Denialism Effectively Over the Holidays
Source:
Body: <div style="text-align: center;"><img src="/sites/default/files/154034-trust.png" alt="154034-trust.png"><span style="font-size: smaller;">Caption: photo saying “trust the lies, not the ‘truth’” (<a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/thomasguest/8165172604">Thomas Guest/Flickr</a>)</span></div><p><i><a href="http://glebtsipursky.com/about/">Dr. Gleb Tsipursky</a>&nbsp;is the author of&nbsp;<a href="https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B078429WCF/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&amp;camp=1789&amp;creative=9325&amp;creativeASIN=B078429WCF&amp;linkCode=as2&amp;tag=intentinsigh-20&amp;linkId=6d0105548fcc9f38a235207516f6ed82">The Truth-Seeker’s Handbook: A Science-Based Guide</a>. He is an&nbsp;<a href="https://decisionsciences.osu.edu/people/tsipursky.1">Assistant Professor</a>&nbsp;at The Ohio State University, President of the nonprofit<a href="http://intentionalinsights.org/">&nbsp;Intentional Insights</a>, and co-founder of the&nbsp;<a href="https://www.protruthpledge.org/">Pro-Truth Pledge</a>.</i></p><p>It’s the holiday season, which means plenty of opportunities for uncomfortable interactions with friends and family who are truth deniers. For example, my close friend invited me to her holiday party recently, where I sat across the table from her brother Mike. We got to talking about Donald Trump’s <a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2017/12/04/supreme-court-allows-president-trumps-travel-ban-to-go-fully-into-effect.html">recently-successful efforts</a> to ban people from many majority-Muslim countries from entering the US and<a href="https://www.pbs.org/newshour/world/trumps-anti-muslim-retweets-make-americans-less-safe-analysts-say-heres-how"> his retweeting</a> of anti-Muslim videos. </p><p>Mike strongly supported Trump’s ban and rhetoric, and other<a href="https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2017/11/30/16645024/collective-blame-psychology-muslim"> anti-Muslim policies</a>. By the end of that meal, he grew to be much more tolerant and inclusive of Muslims. To get him to update his beliefs &nbsp;– something I do regularly<a href="https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/sometimes-facts-can-actually-trump-ideology/"> during interviews</a> with conservative talk show hosts – &nbsp;I relied on<a href="http://www.instituteforscienceandhumanvalues.com/pdf/THP_V6-3_GTsipursky_Facts_Trumping_Ideology.pdf"> my research</a> on how to get people to accept the facts, specifically a strategy that can be summarized under the acronym EGRIP (Emotions, Goals, Rapport, Information, Positive Reinforcement).</p><p>The typical response to truth deniers of presenting facts and arguing is generally not effective in changing people’s minds on charged issues.<a href="http://psycnet.apa.org/record/1998-02489-003"> Research on</a> the confirmation bias shows that people tend to look for and interpret information in ways that conforms to their beliefs. Moreover,<a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0163853X.2015.1136507"> studies on</a> the backfire effect reveal that when people are presented with facts that challenge their identity, they sometimes develop a stronger attachment to their incorrect belief as a defense mechanism.</p><p>If someone denies clear facts, you can safely assume that it’s their emotions that are leading them away from reality. You need to deploy the skill of<a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160289696900112"> empathy</a>, meaning understanding other people’s emotions, to determine what emotional blocks might cause them to deny reality. In Mike’s case, it was relatively easy to figure out the emotions at play by making a guess based on what<a href="https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/calling-truce-political-wars/"> research shows</a> about what conservatives value: security. I confirmed my suspicion through active listening and using curiosity to question Mike about his concerns about Muslims, and he shared extensively his fears about all Muslims being potential terrorists.</p><p>Next, establish shared goals for both of you, crucial for<a href="http://psycnet.apa.org/record/1993-03487-001"> effective knowledge sharing</a>. With Mike, I talked about how we both want security for our society. I also pointed out how sometimes our emotions lead us astray. We might want to eat all the Yule log on the table, but it would harm our health, so we should focus on our goals over our gut intuitions.&nbsp;We should also commit to the facts, as we want to avoid deceiving ourselves and thus undermining our safety and security. I told him that I - along with thousands of others - committed to the <a href="https://www.protruthpledge.org/">Pro-Truth Pledge</a> and asked him to hold me accountable. He appreciated me sharing about this commitment, and it raised my credibility in his eyes.&nbsp;</p><p>Third, build rapport. Using the empathetic listening you did previously, a<a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10696679.2005.11658547"> vital skill</a> in promoting trusting relationships, echo their emotions and show you understand how they feel. In the case of Mike, I echoed his fear and validated his emotions, telling him it’s natural to feel afraid when we see Muslims committing terrorism, and it’s where my gut goes as well.</p><p>Fourth, move on to sharing information. Here is where you can give the facts that you held back in the beginning. There were<a href="http://www.johnstonsarchive.net/terrorism/wrjp255a.html"> eight terrorist acts</a> in the US motivated in part by Islamic beliefs in 2016, with nine terrorists in total. Given that there are about<a href="http://www.people-press.org/2011/08/30/section-1-a-demographic-portrait-of-muslim-americans/"> 1.8 million Muslim adults</a> in the US, you have a one-in-200,000 chance that any Muslim you see would commit a terrorist act in one year. That's like picking out a terrorist randomly from the number of people in several football stadiums, and focusing our efforts on surveilling Muslims will make us less secure by causing us to miss the actual terrorists.</p><p>Moreover, the FBI<a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-florida-shooting-cooperation/u-s-officials-say-american-muslims-do-report-extremist-threats-idUSKCN0Z213U"> praises Muslims</a> for reporting threats, and anti-Muslim policies will make Muslims less likely to report threats. Besides, we already see Trump’s anti-Muslim rhetoric<a href="https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2016/jan/2/donald-trump-appears-in-new-terrorism-recruiting-v/"> used</a> to recruit terrorists in the US, and more anti-Muslim policies will only result in more materials to recruit terrorists. The key here is to show your conversation partner, without arousing a defensive or aggressive response, how their current truth denialism will <a href="http://psycnet.apa.org/record/1992-04093-001">lead to them</a> undermining the shared goals we established earlier.</p><p>Mike was surprised and moved by this information, presented in an emotionally-sensitive manner. He agreed that anti-Muslim policies seem unwise, and we should be more tolerant and inclusive for the sake of increasing our security, even if that’s not how we intuitively feel. I offered positive reinforcement for his orientation toward the facts, a<a href="https://search.proquest.com/openview/d5559eedfa932bfc49e882f25b9ea91e/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&amp;cbl=38767"> research-based tactic</a> of encouraging people to change their identity.</p><p>Think of how much better your holiday dinner could go if you use EGRIP instead of arguing!</p>
ID: 154035
Uid: 4699
Author: 4
Category: 0
Title: How the American Sappho Published the First Book of Lesbian Love Poetry
Source: The Daily Beast
Body: <p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; color: rgb(2, 20, 31); font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;">Elsa Gidlow, who published America’s first book of lesbian love poetry and the first openly lesbian autobiography, helped invent the stereotype of the mellow, mindful, bed-hopping, pagan-worshiping, self-indulgent, perpetually seeking Northern Californian.</p><p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; color: rgb(2, 20, 31); font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;">If intersectionality describes how different oppressions mimic one another, Elsa Gidlow’s life as a “poet-warrior” demonstrates what we could call sproutability: how different liberations blossom together.&nbsp;Born in England in 1898, Gidlow was a free spirit. She approached everything openly, expansively, from relationships to gardening, from writing to politics.&nbsp;</p><p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; color: rgb(2, 20, 31); font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;">Raised in the Montreal suburbs in poverty and family misery, Gidlow turned her escapist reveries into poetry. She declared her independence early: from her family, traditional gender roles, heterosexuality, conventional politics, and French Catholic Quebec’s square spirituality...</p><p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; color: rgb(2, 20, 31); font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;"><a href="https://www.thedailybeast.com/how-the-american-sappho-published-the-first-book-of-lesbian-love-poetry">Read whole article on The Daily Beast.</a></p><p style="color: rgb(80, 80, 80); font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;"><em style="font-family: merriweather, georgia, 'times new roman', serif; font-size: 15px;"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"><strong>Gil Troy&nbsp;</strong>is the author of<strong>&nbsp;</strong></span><a href="https://giltroy.us6.list-manage.com/track/click?u=12bc4da52372e985504783f87&amp;id=aec167ed91&amp;e=ef66bbdca2" target="_blank" data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?hl=en&amp;q=https://giltroy.us6.list-manage.com/track/click?u%3D12bc4da52372e985504783f87%26id%3Daec167ed91%26e%3Def66bbdca2&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1513073532418000&amp;usg=AFQjCNFCjP_EywfBdNaoaVVM2o5FInhzbw" style="color: rgb(51, 102, 153);"><strong>The Age of Clinton: America in the 1990s</strong></a>.&nbsp;<span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">His forthcoming book,&nbsp;The Zionist Ideas, which&nbsp;updates Arthur Hertzberg's classic work,&nbsp;will be published by The Jewish Publication Society in Spring 2018. Professor Gil Troy is Distinguished Scholar in North American History at McGill University. Follow on Twitter&nbsp;</span><a href="https://giltroy.us6.list-manage.com/track/click?u=12bc4da52372e985504783f87&amp;id=2e6bf8a8aa&amp;e=ef66bbdca2" target="_blank" data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?hl=en&amp;q=https://giltroy.us6.list-manage.com/track/click?u%3D12bc4da52372e985504783f87%26id%3D2e6bf8a8aa%26e%3Def66bbdca2&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1513073532418000&amp;usg=AFQjCNEtsuTl8oqs_qhTEIo0GG4pH0mg4w" style="color: rgb(51, 102, 153);">@GilTroy</a>.</em></p><p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; color: rgb(2, 20, 31); font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;"><span style="color: rgb(80, 80, 80); font-size: 14px; font-family: merriweather, georgia, 'times new roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: 15px;"><em><a href="https://giltroy.us6.list-manage.com/track/click?u=12bc4da52372e985504783f87&amp;id=8118dc150e&amp;e=ef66bbdca2" target="_blank" data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?hl=en&amp;q=https://giltroy.us6.list-manage.com/track/click?u%3D12bc4da52372e985504783f87%26id%3D8118dc150e%26e%3Def66bbdca2&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1513073532418000&amp;usg=AFQjCNEWRHFTdQuNQJlJWDR_uqaKs54u9w" style="color: rgb(51, 102, 153);"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">http://www.giltroy.com/</span></a>.</em></span></span></p>
ID: 154036
Uid: 31615
Author: 19
Category: 0
Title: Keeping the Blacks Far Away
Source:
Body: <p><i>Steve Hochstadt is a writer, a gardener and a professor of history at Illinois College.&nbsp;</i></p><p><img src=" /sites/default/files/154036-154036-Keeping Blacks Far Away.png "></p><p>I grew up in Carle Place, a new suburban town on Long Island, outside of New York City. Young families lived in inexpensive but well-constructed houses in quiet residential neighborhoods with good schools. When I get together with my classmates at reunions, we all agree that our little town offered a wonderful place to grow up.</p> <p>I never thought about black kids, because I never saw one in my neighborhood or at my schools, right up through high school. I knew black people lived in other towns, and sometimes we faced black kids in athletic contests. I never wondered why they didn’t live near me.</p> <p>Now I know. I’ve been reading a book titled “<a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/20/books/review/richard-rothstein-color-of-law-forgotten-history.html">The Color Of Law</a>” by Richard Rothstein, who explains how residential segregation happened in America and in my home town.</p> <p>In response to the government-created Jim Crow discrimination in the South, millions of African Americans moved north in the <a href="http://www.blackpast.org/aah/great-migration-1915-1960">Great Migration</a> after World War I. At the same time, the <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographic_history_of_the_United_States">nation’s population doubled</a> from 1900 to 1950.</p> <p>Facing growing population, American cities used zoning laws to direct new construction and to control where people lived. Across the country, zoning was designed to keep black and white apart, to protect white neighborhoods against black people. For example, in St. Louis zoning guided liquor stores, polluting industries, bars, and rooming houses into African American neighborhoods, preserving real estate values in white neighborhoods and creating black slums.</p> <p>Private business supported segregation. The National Association of Real Estate Brokers adopted a code of ethics in 1924 warning its members that “a realtor should never be instrumental in introducing into a neighborhood members of any race or nationality whose presence would clearly be detrimental to property values.”</p> <p>In the midst of the Depression, the federal government used its enormous resources to promote home ownership. In 1934, the Federal Housing Administration, part of the New Deal, created affordable mortgages and made loans to encourage home ownership based on color-coded maps of every city, where black neighborhoods were colored red, meaning no help for residents. After World War II, the newly created Veterans Administration offered mortgages to returning servicemen with no down payments and low interest rates, but only for whites.</p> <p>Collaborating with private developers, banks, and realtors, the federal government helped create the new suburbs which mushroomed around America’s cities. I lived in a suburb built by William Levitt, whose name has become synonymous with suburbanization. His signature project was <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Levittown">Levittown</a>, a development with 17,500 mass-produced two-bedroom homes a few miles from where I lived. He repeated this success in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland. Behind him stood the FHA and the VA, which financed Levittown on the condition that it be all white. In 1953, the 70,000 residents of Levittown represented <a href="http://ushistoryscene.com/article/levittown/">the largest all-white American community</a>.</p> <p>Carle Place was a microcosm of postwar America. Young white men and women could begin their long climb into affluence, security, and respectability through the American dream of home-ownership. Realtors would guide families into the mushrooming modern neighborhoods. Banks offered more favorable terms than ever before. And everybody depended on governments to allocate local spaces for new construction, advise the new projects, and guarantee the loans that bought the houses.</p> <p>For white people. Not for black people.</p> <p>So I grew up with no relationships with black Americans, whom I first met in college during the tumultuous years of the civil rights movement. By that time, for me and my suburban baby-boomer peers, getting to know African Americans was awkward and uncertain. We were all, black and white, deprived of the natural development of friendships across lines of race.</p> <p>Blacks were deprived of much more than that. As I was growing up, Carle Place and much of Long Island embodied a futuristic landscape of tens of thousands of identical houses in geometric patterns on plowed over, treeless ground. Today shady streets, mature landscaping, and countless home expansions and improvements have transformed the aesthetics. The houses that cost about $10,000 to buy now sell for <a href="https://www.zillow.com/carle-place-ny/">$400,000 to $700,000</a>. Accounting for inflation, the white families like mine, that bought in the late 1940s and early 1950s, tripled or quadrupled their wealth through home ownership.</p> <p>Instead, black families were forced to live in urban neighborhoods, where discriminatory zoning rules kept home values down. At least into the 1990s, <a href="http://ns.umich.edu/new/releases/23414-targeting-minority-low-income-neighborhoods-for-hazardous-waste-sites">toxic waste facilities</a> continued to be built in minority neighborhoods. <a href="https://thinkprogress.org/top-infrastructure-official-explains-how-america-used-highways-to-destroy-black-neighborhoods-96c1460d1962/">Urban highways</a> were typically built through minority neighborhoods. It is still common in American cities to use zoning laws to place businesses that deal with alcohol, firearms, pornography, and now marijuana into <a href="http://kdvr.com/2014/08/19/study-zoning-laws-force-pot-shops-into-low-income-and-minority-neighborhoods/">low-income neighborhoods</a>, preventing minorities there from building up equity as fast as in residential white neighborhoods.</p> <p>The end of slavery in 1865 represented the beginning of other forms of government-enforced discrimination for another century. By helping white families to build up wealth through home ownership and preventing black families from doing the same, federal, state and local governments have contributed to today’s racial disparities in wealth.</p> <p>As <a href="https://www.amazon.com/Color-Law-Forgotten-Government-Segregated/dp/1631492853">Richard Rothstein</a> wrote, “Government and private industry came together to create a system of residential segregation.” All Americans have suffered from this history of racism.</p>
ID: 154037
Uid: 4699
Author: 4
Category: 0
Title: How America’s First Black Ambassador Became a Popular Hero
Source: The Daily Beast
Body: <p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; color: rgb(2, 20, 31); font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;">The first American diplomat to defy his boss—the secretary of state—to give sanctuary to a dissident, and who endured the siege of his home as thanks for championing human rights, was born to care about freedom intensely: he was America’s first African-American ambassador, too.&nbsp;</p><p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; color: rgb(2, 20, 31); font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;">Ebenezer Don Carlos Bassett had not been a slave. He never fought in the Civil War. He was bookish not macho. But he was tough.</p><p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; color: rgb(2, 20, 31); font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;">The defining episode of his diplomatic career occurred in 1875 as he represented the United States to Haiti (the term ambassador came into use in 1893). Haiti, the first black republic and the Americas’ second free republic, was in chaos. While assuring Bassett he was a “<a href="https://aax-us-east.amazon-adsystem.com/x/c/QoL_-1jnmNIFFaLPNvoFos8AAAFgY_FJJQEAAAFKAUPWGes/https://www.amazon.com/Hero-Hispaniola-Americas-Diplomat-Ebenezer/dp/0313351953/ref=as_at?creativeASIN=0313351953&amp;linkCode=w50&amp;tag=thedailybeast-autotag-20&amp;imprToken=FTsw0bkWvs4EJq2RwuwkKg&amp;slotNum=0" data-amzn-asin="0313351953" style="color: inherit; transition: color 0.15s ease;">lover of justice</a>,” the country’s new leader Michel Domingue was hunting down opponents...</p><p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; color: rgb(2, 20, 31); font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;"><a href="https://www.thedailybeast.com/how-americas-first-black-ambassador-became-a-popular-hero">Read whole article on The Daily Beast.</a></p>
ID: 154038
Uid: 4699
Author: 4
Category: 0
Title: How a Shy Jewish Boy’s Nose Issues Gave America Rudolf for Christmas
Source: The Daily Beast
Body: <p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; color: rgb(2, 20, 31); font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;">Rudolph the Red-Nose reindeer’s creator didn’t have a very shiny nose, but he was a Jewish guy with a very, ahem, prominent beak.</p><p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; color: rgb(2, 20, 31); font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;">Some of the West’s ugliest, most foundational, stereotypes haunted Robert Lewis May’s life. Yet his saga tells a lovely Yuletide tale about a best-selling Christmas song romanticizing a rescued underdog, that actually rescued a hopelessly romantic underdog – May himself.</p><p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;"><span style="color: rgb(2, 20, 31);">‘Twas the month after Christmas, 1938, and the great retailers at Montgomery Ward department stores were already preparing for Christmas… 1939. Robert May was an advertising editor for the company famous for coining the phrase "</span><a href="http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/779.html" style="color: inherit; transition: color 0.15s ease;">satisfaction guaranteed or your money back</a>" in 1875...</p><p style="line-height: 29.5px; margin: 0px 0px 15px; font-size: 17px; color: rgb(2, 20, 31); font-family: Georgia, Cambria, 'Times New Roman', Times, serif;"><a href="https://www.thedailybeast.com/how-a-shy-jewish-boys-nose-issues-gave-america-rudolf-for-christmas?ref=author">Read whole article on The Daily Beast.</a>&nbsp;</p>
ID: 154039
Uid: 14552
Author: 13
Category: 0
Title: Life During Wartime
Source:
Body: <img src="http://www.joshbrownnyc.com/images/ldw477.jpg">
ID: 154040
Uid: 78797
Author: 48
Category: 0
Title: The GOP's Latest Scam Was to Convince the Base the Tax Law Is a Middle Class Tax Cut
Source:
Body: <p><br></p><p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/sites/default/files/154040-image1.png"></p><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: smaller;">Image of hand with Christmas gifts (<a href="http://maxpixel.freegreatpicture.com/Present-Hand-Gift-Keep-Give-Christmas-Dollar-2951662">Max Pixel</a>)</span></p><p><i><a href="http://glebtsipursky.com/about/">Dr. Gleb Tsipursky</a> is the author of<a href="https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B078429WCF/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&amp;camp=1789&amp;creative=9325&amp;creativeASIN=B078429WCF&amp;linkCode=as2&amp;tag=intentinsigh-20&amp;linkId=6d0105548fcc9f38a235207516f6ed82"> The Truth-Seeker’s Handbook: A Science-Based Guide</a>. He is an<a href="https://decisionsciences.osu.edu/people/tsipursky.1"> Assistant Professor</a> at The Ohio State University, President of the nonprofit<a href="http://intentionalinsights.org/"> Intentional Insights</a>, and co-founder of the<a href="https://www.protruthpledge.org/"> Pro-Truth Pledge</a>.</i></p><p>President Donald Trump <a href="http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/president-trump-tax-bill-incredible-christmas-gift-hard/story?id=51870650">called</a> the recently-passed tax bill “an incredible Christmas gift” for middle-class Americans. In reality, the tax bill takes money from the pockets of middle-class Americans and gives it to corporations. Anyone who claims the tax bill primarily benefits the middle class is spreading falsehoods.</p><p>With the new bill, the tax rate for corporations <a href="http://fortune.com/2017/12/15/final-republican-tax-bill-slashes-corporate-rate/">is reduced</a> from 35 percent to 21 percent. That makes a total reduction of 40 percent from what they were paying earlier. Other <a href="https://www.npr.org/2017/12/15/571257526/final-version-of-gop-tax-bill-cuts-corporate-tax-rate-to-21-percent">benefits for corporations</a> include doing away with the alternative minimum tax, along with <a href="https://www.cbsnews.com/news/trump-to-sign-tax-bill-before-leaving-for-holiday/">many provisions</a> that will reduce the taxes they do pay. </p><p>What about <a href="https://www.npr.org/2017/12/19/571754894/charts-see-how-much-of-gop-tax-cuts-will-go-to-the-middle-class">tax cuts for individuals</a>? Consider a household making $50,000 to $75,000: the average tax cut for them is 1.6 percent, or $870. The wealthiest would get the biggest tax breaks, as a household earning over a million would see an average cut of $69,660, or 3.3 percent increase. </p><p>Unfortunately for individuals, the tax cuts they get <a href="http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2017/dec/18/whats-final-version-tax-bill/">are limited</a> to 8 years, and expire after 2025. So without any changes, the <a href="https://www.npr.org/2017/12/19/571754894/charts-see-how-much-of-gop-tax-cuts-will-go-to-the-middle-class">same household</a> making $50,000 to $75,000 would actually be paying $30 more in taxes after 2025. The wealthy would be much better off, with the average household making over a million getting a cut of more than $23,000 after 2025, along with a host of <a href="https://www.cbsnews.com/news/wealthy-game-tax-bill-pass-through-deduction-break-for-small-business/">other benefits</a>. Overall, after that date, households making over a million &nbsp;– &nbsp;approximately .6 percent of all taxpayers &nbsp;– &nbsp;would get 81.8 percent of the total benefit of this bill. By contrast, the corporate tax rate cuts are permanent, and will not expire.</p><p>This extremely disproportionate tax cut comes with a hefty price tag. The nonpartisan and authoritative congressional scorekeeper Joint Committee on Taxation found that the tax bill <a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2017/12/15/gop-tax-bill-would-raise-deficits-by-nearly-1-point-5-trillion-jct-report.html">would cost</a> approximately $1.4 trillion, which would be added to the existing <a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2017/11/29/yellen-20-trillion-national-debt-should-keep-people-awake-at-night.html">$20 trillion national debt</a>.</p><p>Who will now be responsible for paying the taxes to address this debt? Due to the extreme tax cut for corporations, individual American taxpayers will have a much bigger proportional tax burden in paying for the debt. Since the most wealthy had <a href="https://www.denverpost.com/2017/12/12/gop-tax-plan-lowers-taxes-for-wealthy/">especially large</a> tax breaks, and they tend to be the large shareholders in corporations that benefit from this law, middle-class Americans will be increasingly stuck with the tab for the debt. This is especially the case after 2025, when the tax breaks for individuals expire.</p><p>The Republican politicians <a href="http://www.foxnews.com/opinion/2017/12/20/sen-mitch-mcconnell-tax-bill-tells-middle-class-americans-heard.html">who support</a> the tax bill say it will pay for itself by creating jobs and improving the business climate, and thus in the end benefit the middle class. However, they are not experts at economics. The Joint Committee on Taxation, which is acknowledged as nonpartisan and expert by Democrats and Republicans alike, <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/finance/364343-congressional-scorekeeper-house-passed-tax-bill-wouldnt-pay-for-itself">found that</a> over 10 years the tax bill would produce $400 billion in revenue, leaving unpaid an additional $1 trillion. Likewise, <a href="http://www.igmchicago.org/surveys/tax-reform-2">a survey</a> of top economists indicated that the vast majority believed the tax bill would not substantially improve the US economy, would substantially increase the debt burden, and would redistribute wealth from the middle class to corporations and the wealthy. </p><p>Deferring to expert analysis is a <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/nov/17/were-in-a-post-truth-world-with-eroding-trust-and-accountability-it-cant-end-well">critical component of truthfulness</a>. Any time we see someone &nbsp;– &nbsp;especially a politician &nbsp;– &nbsp;reject expert analysis, we should be very suspicious, and see whether they have hidden motivations to mislead us. After all, while politicians are not experts at economics, they are experts at getting elected. They have strong incentives to do what would get them elected and mislead the public if needed.</p><p>In the case of this tax bill, the <a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2017/11/gop-tax-bill-unpopular/546668/">hidden motives are quite obvious</a>. For example, Representative Chris Collins, a New York Republican, <a href="http://thehill.com/homenews/house/359110-gop-lawmaker-donors-are-pushing-me-to-get-tax-reform-done">told a reporter</a> that “my donors are basically saying, ‘Get it done or don’t ever call me again’” regarding the tax bill. <a href="https://twitter.com/frankthorp/status/928649996311900160?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw&amp;ref_url=http%3A%2F%2Fthehill.com%2Fpolicy%2Ffinance%2F359606-graham-financial-contributions-will-stop-if-gop-doesnt-pass-tax-reform">According to</a> Senator Lindsey Graham, a Republican from South Carolina, if the tax bill is not passed, the “financial contributions will stop." </p><p>In order to ensure they get elected, Republicans had to pass the tax bill in order to keep getting donations from the wealthy and corporations, who really pay attention to and know what is going on. Now, President Donald Trump <a href="https://www.cnbc.com/video/2017/12/22/trump-this-tax-bill-will-sell-itself.html">is calling</a> on his Republican colleagues to sell the tax bill to everyday voters, who pay much less attention to the details of tax policies. </p><p>Republicans have been <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2017/12/20/trump-just-admitted-the-gops-tax-cuts-were-deceptively-sold/?utm_term=.1ecbf2125157">misrepresenting the essence</a> of the tax bill all along. They presented it as all about tax cuts to the middle class, even though the biggest cut has been for corporations. Repeating this falsehood invokes the <a href="https://intentionalinsights.org/how-our-thinking-errors-cause-us-to-misinterpret-politics/">illusory truth effect</a>, a psychological phenomenon where a false statement repeated often enough becomes seen as true. Indeed, most of the Republican base <a href="http://maristpoll.marist.edu/wp-content/misc/usapolls/us171204_KoC/Marist%20Poll%20National%20Nature%20of%20the%20Sample%20and%20Tables_December%202017.pdf#page=3">bought these falsehoods</a>, with around 60 percent thinking the bill primarily favors the middle class.</p><p>In reality, the tax bill falls into the classic category of <a href="http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/trickle-economics-flood-drip/">trickle-down economics</a>. This policy approach involves taking money from the middle class and giving it to corporations via such tax cuts. Republicans justify trickle-down economics by saying that <a href="https://www.thebalance.com/trickle-down-economics-theory-effect-does-it-work-3305572">corporations will use</a> such money better than middle-class Americans, despite experts disagreeing with them about the growth resulting from the tax bill.</p><p>Historically, trickle-down economics has been most strongly associated with Ronald Reagan. Unfortunately, Reagan’s economic policies had <a href="https://www.thebalance.com/reaganomics-did-it-work-would-it-today-3305569">bad economic consequences</a>. More recently, thorough analyses of trickle-down economics by <a href="https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/sdn/2015/sdn1513.pdf">such reputable organizations</a> as the International Monetary Fund suggest that this approach does not stimulate economic growth. Instead giving money to the lowest income earners stimulates growth much more. However, that’s not what the tax bill does.</p><p>We may debate about the effectiveness of trickle-down economics. However, the more salient point is that the <a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-11-30/the-best-way-to-spur-growth-help-the-poor-not-the-rich">large majority</a> of Republicans have not been courageous enough to say openly that this tax bill is an example of trickle-down economics. While we may disagree on whether trickle-down economics works, we should all agree that spreading falsehoods about the reality of the tax bill <a href="https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/how-to-address-the-epidemic-of-lies-in-politics/">erodes our democracy</a>. </p><p>Will the misrepresentations of the tax bill succeed or will the American people recognize the truth about this tax bill as taking money from the pockets of middle-class Americans and giving it to corporations? You can make a difference by calling out any politicians and journalists who misrepresent the tax bill and calling on them <a href="https://www.protruthpledge.org/">to commit</a> publicly to truthful behavior, as well as committing to truthful behaviors yourself by taking the Pro-Truth Pledge at <a href="https://www.protruthpledge.org/">ProTruthPledge.org</a>.</p><br>