The Best Job in the ArmyRoundup: Talking About History
tags: Civil War, food history, logistics
Carole Emberton is an associate professor of history at the University at Buffalo and the author of “Beyond Redemption: Race, Violence, and the American South after the Civil War.”
Although my great-great grandfather Edward Willis was an illiterate Union private from Kentucky, he performed one of the most important jobs in an army: driving a commissary wagon.
Although it may have seemed like an inglorious job, the duty entailed at least three distinct perks. First, it allowed Edward, or any footsore infantryman, to sit rather than walk. Second, it put him in proximity to the food when it came to mealtime, always the brightest part of a soldier’s day. Finally, Edward now could count himself as among the Army’s most invaluable troops.
Providing sustenance to tens of thousands of men was a staggering task. Napoleon believed that “an army marches on its stomach,” and it may have been equally true that the success of both the Union and Confederate war efforts rested squarely on the shoulders of each Army’s respective commissary department. As Americans recover from the gluttonous feast that has become Thanksgiving, we should take a moment to consider the role food played in the drama of the Civil War.
The Union Army’s institutional structure for feeding itself reflected the best and worst of 19th-century military bureaucracy. While the Quartermaster Department tended to matters of transportation, clothing and ammunition, a separate department, the Commissary, focused almost exclusively on the procurement and distribution of “subsistence”: food and other daily necessities, like soap and candles....
comments powered by Disqus
- New findings from Penn Slavery Project show how U. benefitted financially from enslaved labor
- Is it anti-Semitic for President Trump to call Chuck Todd ‘sleepy eyes’?
- Human Evolution: Walking Upright Evolved at Least 3.6 Million Years Ago—Long Before Modern Humans Appeared
- Why a primary challenge to Trump is likely to fail
- Smog and Disasters Spurred the Laws Trump Wants to Undo
- Feds charge controversial Kent State University professor Julio Pino with lying to FBI
- New Yorker publishes profile of H.R. McMaster just weeks after Trump fires him
- Dartmouth historian Matthew J. Garcia says conservative partisans in Arizona have taken over a civics school he once ran
- Berkeley’s Carolyn Merchant explains what ecofeminism is
- University of Southern California's David Kang says Korea is the only place on earth where the Cold War continues