;

pledge of allegiance



  • Battles over patriotism, Pledge of Allegiance in schools span a century

    by Randall Curren and Charles Dorn

    Seventy-five years ago, at the height of America’s involvement in World War II, the U.S. Supreme Court handed down a decision in West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette that guaranteed public school students’ right to refuse to stand in patriotic salute.



  • Trump Touts Pledge of Allegiance with Socialist Roots

    by Peter Dreier

    Donald Trump’s vision of America clashes sharply with the original intent behind the Pledge of Allegiance, penned during the Gilded Age to promote equity, tolerance, and progressive ideals.


  • Old Glory: Patriotic Symbol?

    by Rick Shenkman

    Nothing seems more natural to an American than to venerate the patriotic symbols that represent America. But we didn't always.