Francis Tandy Rides Again
Francis Tandys 1896 book Voluntary Socialism is one of the classics of market anarchism. (Dont be misled by the title; Tandy, a disciple of Benjamin Tucker, uses the term socialism in the sense employed by free-market socialists like Tucker, Stephen Pearl Andrews, and, today, Kevin Carson.) A good many political philosophers have probably seen Tandys name at some point, since Robert Nozick cites him early on in Anarchy, State, and Utopia, in a list of proponents of competing protection agencies; the others listed are Spooner, Tucker, Rothbard, Friedman, and the Tannehills. (Nozick appears unaware of the battlin Belgians Molinari and de Puydt.) Nevertheless, Tandy is far and away the most obscure name on the list, and his book is damnably hard to find; and apparently the Denver Public Library (where Tandy, a Denver resident, once worked) possesses one of the few existing copies but refuses to allow it be photocopied.
Happily, I managed to get my hands on the elusive 1979 Revisionist Press reprint version a couple of years ago, and Ive just now posted the first five chapters on the Molinari site. (I had already posted the preface and introduction back in March 04.)
The first four of these chapters set out the psychological, sociological, and ethical foundations of Tandys libertarianism. This section is rather a mixed bag from my point of view; Tandys theory of human action combines praxeological insight with psychologistic confusion, and his blend of Stirner and Spencer manages at times to look more like stereotypical Social Darwinism than does either Stirner or Spencer singly. Still, theres plenty of good stuff here.
But what the book is best known for (well, to the extent that its known at all!) is its fifth chapter, which is devoted to an explanation and defense of the concept of competing protection agencies in its day, one of the fullest discussions of the idea post-Molinari. Its fascinating to see how many of the standard moves in market anarchist theory today are already in evidence in Tandy.
More chapters to follow! In the meantime, enjoy.
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Roderick T. Long - 5/17/2006
Thanks, Ken! Actually I did already link to your edition of Science of Society in the above post (see the second sentence), but I didn't know about the other ones. I haven't paid sufficient attention to Google Books; time for that to change!
A just thought.
Roderick the Just
Kenneth R. Gregg - 5/17/2006
You might want to add my 2006 online edition of Stephen Pearl Andrews' The Science of Society (I should have my "Introduction to the 2006 Online Edition: Stephen Pearl Andrews, Southern Abolitionism and the Science of Freedom" added soon) and all of the new google books digital project books. There are a lot of libertarian works now available (which now include all of Herbert Spencer's writings). As an example:
- Josiah Warren's True Civilization and Equitable Commerce
- Andrews' Basic Outline of Universology and The Primary Synopsis of Universology and Alwato
- J.H. Levy's A Symposium on the Land Question
- Oswald Dawson's Personal Rights and Sexual Wrongs
and many, many more.Andrews,
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