Lawrence Veiller: Progressive Tenement Reformer and Eugenicist
As part of my research on another topic, I happened across some rather provocative correspondence from Lawrence Veiller. After the turn of the century, Veiller was the most significant national leader in the progressive tenement reform. New York’s Tenement Law of 1901 was largely his brainchild and became a model of similar legislation nationwide. He often worked closely with such luminaries as Jane Addams, Jacob Riis, and Theodore Roosevelt. Through groups such as the National Housing Association (which he headed) and the National Conference on Planning (in which he served as an officer), Veiller was relentless in pushing for tougher building courts, limits on density, zoning, and other housing regulation.
As the correspondence shows,
he was also a zealous advocate of sterilization laws. Veiller felt emboldened to act in his own
state after the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in
Buck v. Bell (1927 upholding the constitutionality of sterilization laws.
In 1929, he persuaded the Committee on Criminal Courts of the Charity
Organization Society of New York to endorse state legislation “providing for
the sexual sterilization of insane, idiotic imbecilic, epileptic and
feeble-minded inmates of certain state institutions.” As part of this effort he called for a
“united front” of social workers to assemble in Albany to press for
enactment. Apparently, however, Veiller
was never able to persuade the Charity Organize Society as a whole to back a
law and it was never enacted. A fellow
official in the COS, Lawson Purdy, expressed his reluctance: “Even if the law
were so stringent that it would result in operations on a considerable number
of people, the number would still be very small and I should myself have grave
doubts concerning a law that was strong enough to be at all effective.”
Copies of the Veiller/Purdy correspondence on this topic, which is at the Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Columbia University, can be found .
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