Lice Found to Be Deadly Foe of Napoleon's Russian ForceBreaking News
Napoleon invaded Russia with half a million men that summer but escaped with only a few thousand. Twenty-five thousand French soldiers escaped to Vilnius, Lithuania, during the retreat, but only 3,000 survived to continue the retreat. The rest were buried in mass graves.
Historians have long stressed the role of disease in the deaths, but now Dr. Didier Raoult and his colleagues at the Universite de la Mediterranee in Marseille have provided the first firm evidence confirming this supposition. The team worked with remains found during construction at a former Soviet army barracks in the northern suburbs of Vilnius.
Napoleon's soldiers were known to be plagued with body lice, Raoult said.
The team found body segments of five lice among clothing remnants from the soldiers. Three of the five lice contained DNA from \o7Bartonella quintana\f7, which causes trench fever, they reported this week in the online version of the Journal of Infectious Diseases.
They also studied dental pulp from the unerupted teeth of 35 soldiers.
comments powered by Disqus
- At Brandis the Afro-American studies faculty is siding with student protesters
- NYT's Notable Books of 2015: These are the history books that made the cut
- Petition signed by 44,000 to add more female thinkers to the Politics A Level syllabus in the UK
- Most Students Have No Clue What Accurate Native American History Looks Like
- Historians Re-Enter Presidential Studies